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全国律师资格考试外语复习指南



内容简介


  本书主编曾设计编写了《全国律师资格考试外语考试大纲》。本书是为 帮助广大考生顺利通过外语考试,集作者多年从事外语教学和研究并结合律 考外语的特点而编成的。
  本书以英语为主,包括少量日语和俄语模拟题。题型是参照律师资格考 试外语考试大纲编写的。本书还分析了律考的重点和难点,提出了应试技巧 及注意事项,详细解释了英语词语用法和语法结构模拟题。所有模拟题均附 有答案。
本书是全国律师资格考试的权威性参考书。

前言


  近年来,全国各地有志于律师事业,报考律师资格的人越来越多。自 1996 年,律师考试加试外语并占一定的分数比例,无疑增加了律考的难度,一些 人望而却步,甚至放弃,殊为可惜。其实只要稍加指点和学习得法,外语考 试并不难!
  本书主编受有关部门委托,设计编写了“全国律师资格考试外语考试大 纲”。为了帮助广大考生顺利通过外语考试,再编写了这本《全国律师资格 考试外语复习指南》,这是编者集多年从事外语教学和研究并结合律考外语 的特点而编成的。
  本书以英语为主,包括少量俄语和日语模拟题。题型是参照了律师资格 考试外语考试大纲编写的。因这几年律考中外语考试只考了词语用法和语法 结构题,因此,本书以这部分为重点。考虑到大纲中也有阅读理解题,本书 也安排了少量阅读理解题。本书分析了律考的重点和难点,提出了应试技巧 及注意事项,详细解释了英语词语用法和语法结构模拟题,所有模拟题均附 有答案。
  中医讲究“急则治其标,缓则治其本”。如果说临近考试的复习冲刺是 治标,那真正扎实掌握一门或几门外语则是治本之法。可喜的是,这本复习 资料对于临近考试的复习有一定的帮助,而且也可以用作学习和掌握外语的 参考书籍。在此编者谨祝参加律师资格考试的同志们取得好成绩并希望以此 为契机使外语上一个台阶,从而真正掌握外语。这将对今后从事律师工作和 对外交流有莫大的帮助。
由于编者水平有限,错误之处在所难免,敬请广大读者批评指正。



编者
1999 年 6 月 10 日

全国律师资格考试用书

全国律师资格考试外语复习指南

第一部分 词语用法和语法结构

(Vocabulary and Structure) 一、词语用法和语法结构题析要

  词语用法和语法结构部分的目的是测试学生运用词汇、短语及语法结构 的能力。考试范围包括大学英语教学大纲词汇表及语法结构表一级至四级的 全部内容。这部分试题是综合性的,它涉及词和短语的意义、用法、句法和 句型等各方面。因而在应试时,首先要辨别题型的类别,从四个选择项中分 清该题是属于词汇题还是语法题,这第一步是非常重要的。如果题目是属于 语法题,考生要迅速确定是属于哪种语法现象;如果题目是属于词汇题,考 生应留心四个选择项是否是词形相似而词义不相同,某个词和其他词的搭 配,固定词组,同义词或近义词词义之细微差别和用法之不同。
下面我们将分别介绍词语用法和语法结构的出题类型及应试技巧。
(一)词语用法出题类型
  词汇部分(vocabulary)主要测试考生掌握与运用词汇和短语的能力与 技巧。词汇试题主要的选择项分以下几类:
1.词类相同、异形异义词的辨认
  这类考题主要测试考生根据题意认词的能力,考生只要读懂题意,在认 词的基础上作出正确选择。
例 1:Housewives who do not go out to work often feel they are
not working to their full .
A.strength B.capacity
C.length D.possibility
在本题中,B 为正确答案。strength:“力量”; capaci-ty:“能力”
(ability;power);length:“长度”;possi-bility:“可能性”。
例 2:Receiving a weekly at an early age teaches chil-dren to budget their money.
A.check B.credit
C.allowance D.contribution
在本题中,C 为正确答案。check:“支票”;credit:“(银行)存款”;
allowance:“零用钱”;contribution:“捐款”。根据题意,显然 receiving
a weekly allowance 合适。
  2.词形相近、词义全然不同的词的辨认本部分主要测试考生认知词形相 近而词义不同的词的能力。
例 3:I hate people who the end of a film that youhaven’t seen before.
A.revise B.rewrite
C.reveal D.reverse
  在本题中,C 为正确答案。revise:“修订,修正”;rewrite:“重写”; reveal:“显露,透露”;reverse:“反转,翻转”。根据题意,显然 C 最 合适。
例 4:The news you told me the other day needs to be .

A.informed B.affirmed
C.conformed D.confirmed
在本题中,D 为正确答案。inform:“通知,告知”;affirm:“断言”;
conform:“使一致”;confirm:“证实”。根据题意,显然 D 合适。
  3.近义词或同义词的辨认近义词、同义词词义虽相近、相同,但含义和 用法仍存在着差别,做选择时应注意区分各词之间的细微差别。从而选出正 确答案。
例 5:He’s watching TV?He’s tobecleaninghisroom.
A.known B.considered
C.regarded D.supposed
  在本题中,D 为正确答案。本题中的四个答案为同义词,根据使用的场 合和语义而选择 D,其它均不合适。
例 6:High in the sky a of birdswereflyingsouthward.
A.flock B.herd
C.swarm D.pack
  在本题中,A 为正确答案。本题涉及四个量词,均可译为“一群”,但 flock 通常指羊群或鸟群,所以,此词最合题意;而 herd 是指牛、马群;swarm 通常指蜂群或昆虫群,如:a swarm of bees:“一群蜜蜂;pack 通常指猎 狗或野兽群。
例 7:Today,housework has been made much easier by electri-
cal .
A.apparatus B.appliances
C.facilities D.equipment
  在此题中,B 为正确答案。apparatus:“器械、仪器、装置”;appliance: “器具”,主要用于家庭使用的电器,如洗衣机、电冰箱、吹干机等;facility: “设备”,如学校的图书馆、电化室等公共设备;equipment:“装备,设备”, 如工厂设备等。根据题意,appliances 最合适。家用电器也可以说 domestic appliances.
4.动词或介词词组、词的固定搭配的辨认该类搭配主要测试考生对一些
词组、固定搭配的辨别能力,根据题意,选择适当的搭配形式。
例 8:Every man in this country has the right to live where hewants to, thecolorofhisskin.
A.regardless of B.inthelightof
C.by virtue of D.with the exception of
  在本题中,A 为正确答案。regardlessof:“不管”(他的肤色);in the light of:“依据,依??的观点看”;by virtue of:“由于,凭??”; with the exception of:“除??外”。在该题中,根据题意,应选择 regardlessof。
例 9:Children’s clothes havetobestrongenoughto hard wear.
A.stand up to B.stand up for
C.stand up against D.stand to
  在本题中,A 为正确答案。standupto:“经得妆;stand up for:“维 护”;stand up against:“顽强抵抗”;stand to:“(指士兵)待机而
  
动”。根据题意,A 为正确选择。
(二)词语用法答题对策与技巧
  词汇理解题是测试词汇量和对词和短语的掌握情况,做好这种题的关键 在于掌握词汇量的大小和对常用词语运用的熟练程度。考生在平时学习时, 除了加强理解与记忆,还应从以下几个方面掌握词汇题的解题对策和技巧。
1.固定搭配 词的固定搭配一般是指包括名词与动词或介词的固定搭配,形容词与介
词的固定搭配,动词与不同介词或副词的搭配而构成的双语动词或三语动 词。
  例 1:Alo to femplo yees were since there was no tmuch work to do.
A.laid off B.laid down C.laid on D.laid out
选 A。lay off(解雇);lay down (放下);lay on(供应, 提供);lay out(设计)。
例 2:When a fire at the National Exhibition in London,at least ten priceless paintings were completely destroyed. A.broke off B.broke out
C.brokedown D.broke up
选 B。break off(中止,中断);break out(爆发);break down(破坏);break up(解体)。
例 3:They left prior ourarrival.
A.to B.at C.by D.of
选 A。形容词 prior 其后要求接介词 to,意为“在??之先”。
例 4:She couldn’t with an answer when I asked herwhy she turned him down.
A.come out B.come under
C.come up D.come over
选 C。come out with(突然说);come under(受??控制)后 不跟 with;come up with(想出);come over(过来)后不跟 with。
例 5:We’d better tell him point-blank that he can’t come withus;
he’s not one to a hint.
A.take B.get
C.receive D.catch
选 A。take a hint 是固定搭配,意为“接受别人的暗示”。
2.习语用法 考生在平时英语学习中应注意积累英语习语,要把习语作为一个整体来
记。
例 6:They have treated us ,so we must be generous inreturn.
A.with an open hand B.with a heavy hand
C.with a high hand D.with an iron hand
选 A。with an open hand 意为“慷慨地”,为习语。
例 7:His name is the tip of my tongue when I saw him.

A.on B.in C.at D.
选 C。at the tip of one’s tongue(话到嘴边却又记不起来)。
3.仔细对词语辨析 常有这种情况,几个选择答案有近似的意义,有些词语可能在音、形上
发生混淆,这时要选出最佳答案确实不易,需仔细琢磨其细微差别,根据上、 下文进行选择。
例 8:His voice sounded on the telephone.
A.distorted B.twisted
C.deformed D.disfigured
选 A。这四个选项都有“变形、变异”的意思,dis-torted(变 形的,失真的);twisted(扭曲的); de-formed(畸形的); disfigured(改变??容貌)
例 9:Thefailureof the project might be to a lack offunds.
A.retreated B.contributed
C.distributed D.attributed
选 D。 retreated(撤退);contributed(有助于);dis-tributed
(分配);attributed(to)(归于,由于)。
4.缩小选择范围 有时候四个选择项中,有的纯属陪衬性的,不符合本句的逻辑,或不符
合常理,这时,可采用排除法。
例 10:His handwriting is ;I cannot make out what hemeans.
A.neat B.nice C.hard to read D. clear 选 C。neat,nice,clear 均包含“好”的意思,根据后一句“认 不出”可知,hard to read 为正确答案。
5.掌握构词法知识
  了解常用词根、词首、词尾,遇到生词会产生反射作用,即使是较难的 单词,也可以推测出意思。
例 11:He has a strong to give a talk about hisexperi-ences,
because he didn’t like the limelight. A.slowness reliance C.disinclination D.dissension
选 C。由从句中的 didn’t like 推测出空白中的词是否定的含义。 根据构词法,dis 是“不”的意思,而 in-为“愿意”之意, disinclination 意为“不愿意”,而 dissension 为“意见分歧”, 不合题意。
6.利用语义关系 有些词汇题是通过转折词把前后句意的相反关系体现出来的,因此,考
生只要理解某一句意,就能预测、判断另一句意。
例 12:Jane is not ,but she did badly in the exam.
A.bright B.dull C.awkward D.tedious
  从本题中,我们得知她考得不好,由转折词 but 可得出结论,Jane 并不 笨,所以选 B。
  
7.利用因果关系
例 13:As it had not rained for several months,there was a
of water.
A.drop B.waste
C.shortage D.loss 关联词“as”引导的从句表明了原因,好几个月没下雨了,所以 产生的结果是“缺”水,故选 C。
在做词汇选择题时,应注意以下几点:
1.不要见了生词就紧张、急躁,实在不会时先做其它题,然后再做难题;
2.理解题干内容,逐一排除,找出最佳答案;
  3.回忆自己所学过的、所见过的有关选择项的用法或句子,以利于分析 与处理所面对的问题;
4.对比近义词时,从意思上与用法上对比,有时还需考虑词性等因素;
5.放入句中看是否有欠缺之处。 当然,在该部分中,词汇量越大,越有利于考生正确选择,所以应尽量
扩大词汇量。
(三)语法结构(Structure)出题类型 语法结构题全部为多项选择题。首先,我们把语法结构题归纳为 11 个类
型进行讲解,通过分析重点例题介绍语法结构的重点和难点。然后,就语法
结构部分的答题技巧作一总结分析。
1.动词时态 动词时态表示动作发生的时间或状态存在的时间。用不同的动词形式可
以表示一动作或状态发生或存在于现在、过去和将来。动词时态是语法结构
题考试必考的重要内容之一。在考试中,出现这类题时,首先要考虑主谓一 致,其次是动词时态。
动词时态的重点在于现在完成时、过去完成时、将来完成时,以及动词
时态一些特殊用法。在做动词时态题时,要利用句中已给的动词时态,时间 状语。另外,也可根据主句和从句的两个动作的先后关系,以此来选择正确 的动词时态。例如:
例 1:I her looking so miserable as he did that day.
A.have never seen B.has never seen
C.had never seen D.have ever seen


答案是(C.。本句从句的时间是过去时间“that day”,而主句 的动作指从过去的一个时间一直持续到这一过去时间。因此,用 过去完成时。
例 2:I shall go to Las Vegas before you back nextweek.
A.come B.came
C.Will come D.have come
答案是 A。本题的主句和从句都是将来时,由于时间状语从句中, 可以用现在时代替将来时。本题只能从 A 和 D 选择。而主句是一 般将来时,所以只能选择 A。
例 3:It was the first time this year he on a Saturday.
A.doesn’t work B.hasn’t worked

C.hadn’t worked D.didn’t work
答案是 C。“the first time”后面的从句用完成时。只能从 B
和 C 选择。而主句是过去时,所以应选择过去完成时。
例 4:You won’t know if it fits you until you it on.
A.Will try B.tried
C.are trying D.have tried
答案是 D。主句是将来时,时间状语从句用现在时代替将来时。 而在试穿的动作完成以后才可以知道是否合适。所以选择 D。C 是正在穿,不合句意,不能选。
例 5:By this time next year,he his MBA program.
A.will have finished B.would have finished
C.will finish D.has finished
答案是 A。根据本题中时间短语可以知道,主句的动作在将来的 时间届时完成,因此选择将来完成时。
例 6:I after his wife when I suddenly remembered thatthey were getting a divorce.
A.were about to ask B.was asking
C.was about to ask D.would ask
答案是 C。根据时间状语从句语意,可以知道主句的动作为将来 时。本题选择中 A 和 C 是可以表示将来时的“be about to do”。 而“I”应该用“was”。所以选择 C。
例 7:He was wearing the same dress that he on the daybefore.
A.had B. had had
C.had worn D.wore
答案是 B。本题的时间基点为过去时,“the day be-fore”表示 过去时间的“前一天”。所以用过去完成时。B 和 D 均是过去完 成时。但是,根据从句中的动词短语“have a dress on”,不能 选择 C。
2.非谓语动词
  非谓语动词有三类:不定式,动名词和分词。这部分是语法结构题测试 的一个重点。因此,要很好地掌握这三类非谓语动词的使用场合及其用法规 则。
Ⅰ.不定式
  1)有些动词后面只跟不定式作宾语,如:afford,agree,ar-range, ask,attempt,decide,determine,demand,claim,con-sent,deserve, long,plan,prepare,promise,refuse,resolve,strive,wish,volunteer, intend,desire,offer,mean(意欲),threaten,try(试图),want(想 要),aim,undertake,choose,decline,seek,tend 等。
  2)下列短语跟不带 to 的不定式:would rather,would soon-er,had better,would just as soon,may/might(just)as well,donothing but, cannot but/can’t help but 等。
Ⅱ.动名词
后面只跟动名词作宾语的动词有:admit,avoid,acknowl-edge,
appreciate,consider,contemplate,delay,deny,detest,dislike,endure,

enjoy,escape,excuse,fancy,defer,finish,imagine,mind,miss,
postpone,practise,risk,suggest,giveup,put off,can’t help,can’
t stand 等。 Ⅲ.分词(现在分词和过去分词)
  正常情况下,当分词作状语时,句子的主语必须是该分词的逻辑主语。 否则,这个句子就是错误的,该分词就是悬垂分词。如果分词主语与主句主 语不一致时,它可有自己的主语,构成分词独立结构。如:
All this having been settled,he went home.
With exams approaching,it’s a good idea to review your classnotes. 非谓语动词重点在于区分带 to 和不带 to 的不定式的使用场合,区分不
定式和动名词的使用场合,以及掌握分词作状语的正确用法。
  例 8:We’ve had to postpone to France because Tom’sgot an interview for a job that week.
A.going B.to go C.go D.went
答案是 A。“postpone”是后面只能跟动名词的动词。
例 9:The necklace was reported to the police as .
A.being stolen B.having been stolen
C.is stolen D.to be stolen


答案是 B。“as”介词后跟动名词。而项链被偷是过去的动作, 动名词应该用完成时。不能选择 A。
例 10:She went to the fancy-dress party as a banana.
A.dressed B.dressing
C.to dress D.to be dressing
答案是 A。“be dressed”表示穿好衣服。所以不能用不及物动 词。
例 11:Husband and wife with a common duty to the
countrywill find themselves closer together.
A.were drawn B.drawn
C.to draw D.drawing
  答案是 B。在本题中“find”后面用分词作宾补。而“find”的宾语是 分词的受动者。所以只能选择 B。
例 12 : The man confessed to a lie to the manager of
thecompany.
A.have told B.being told
C.be told D.having told
  答案是 D。在本题中,“confess to”动词短语中的“to”为介词。短 语后跟动名词。只能从 B 和 D 中选择。而“confess”是“坦白”,“承认(错 误)”之意。坦白已做的错事,所以应该选择完成时,主动语态。
例 13:The wine is in the fridge-it just wants for afew minutes.
A.being cooled B.cooled
C.to cool D.cooling
答案是 D。动词“want,need,require”等,后跟动名词表示

被动。
例 14: , a Form 57 must be completed.
A.To apply for this job
B.In order to get this job
C.Making application for this job
D.If you want to apply for this job
答案是 D。A,B,C 选择项中的主语都与主句的主语不一致,所以 不能选择。
例 15: ,I had to do it all alone.
A.There was no one to help me B.There being no one to help me C.No one there is to help me D.There is no one to help me
答案是 B。A,C,D 三个选择都是完整单句,不能与后面的句子构 成复合句。而 B 为分词的独立结构,在句中作原因状语,所以选
择 B。
例 16:The president of a company should know .
A.to be firm B.the way of firmness
C.to have firmness D.how to be firm
答案是 D。“know”后跟“疑问词+不定式”。
例 17:She help thinking that she had seen him some- where before
A.cannot B.could not
C.may not D.might not
  答案是 B。根据句意,“禁不住想”,A 和 B 都合适。但是,由于从 句的时态是过去完成时,所以不能选择 A。
例 18 : The security system will not without the
correctpassword.
A.permit you to enter
B. permit your entering
C.allow you enter
D. let you to enter
  答案是 A。allow,permit 等动词后面既可跟带 to 的动名词,又可 跟不定式。但是,如果有人作宾语,要用不定式作宾补。所以不能选 B。
C 选择中的不定式不带 to,所以不能选。而 let 后跟不带 to 的不定式, 所以也不正确。
例 19:Wood furniture does not depreciate(贬值)in value .
A.though properly handled and protected
B.has properly handled and protected C.if properly handled and protected D.that properly handled and protected
答案是 C。B 和 D 不合句法。A 不合句意。C 是过去分词前加 if
连接词,作状语。因此是正确选择。
例 20:Known for her caricatures of United States society,




Brown

Brown

A.Peggy Brown wrote and illustrated books for chil-dren
B.the writing and illustrating of books for children byPeggy

C.Children’s books were written and illustrated byPeggy

D.Peggy Brown’s writing and illustrating of children’sbooks

答案是 A。在四个选择里,只有 A 的主语与分词短语的主语一致。

例 21:Do you promise

what I’ve just said?

A.repeating B.never to repeat
C.not repeat D.to never repeating
  答案是 B。promise 后跟带 to 的不定式,可以排除 ACD。B 是带 to 不定 式的否定形式,所以正确。
例 22: wait any more,I decided to go home by taxi.
A.Rather than B.More than
C.As well as D.Instead of
  答案是 A。rather than 位于句首时,后面的不定式不带 to。C 和 D 后面 应跟动名词。B 不合句法。
  
例 23 : We had nothing to do
thecinemas.
A.but looking B.only to look
C.except look D.rather than

at the posters outside

答案是 C。except 前面有动词 do 时,后面的不定式不带 to。
  例 24:We’re leaving at six o ’clock,and hope most ofthe journey by lunch time.
A.to be doing B.to be done
C.to have done D.to do
答案是 C。
3.虚拟语气 虚拟语气是动词的一种特殊形式,用来表示对某种与事实相反或难以实
现的情况的假设或说话人的主观愿望。另外,这种语气还用于建议、命令、
劝告、要求、必要、重要等词语之后的 that-从句中。虚拟语气是语法结构 题中非常重要的内容,因此,考生必须牢记各种虚拟语气结构。
1)非真实条件句(虚拟条件句)
  一般非真实条件句有三种情况:与现在事实相反的假设句,与过去事实 相反的假设句和未来实现可能性很小的假设句。这三种非真实条件句中的主 句、从句的谓语形式列表如下:

连接词 条 件 句 主 句 现在 if 过去式( be 变 were ) would ( should , could , might )+动词原形 过去 if 过去完成时 would ( should , could , might )+have+过去分词 将来 if should (或 were to ) would ( should , could , might )+动词原形


如:If we lived at the North Pole,we would need very warm

cloth-ing.
If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.
  If I should/were to do the experiment,I would do it some otherway. 如果在 if-从句中有 were,had,should 这三个动词,可省略 if,采用 谓语倒装形式来表示条件。如:Had she been older,shemight have been less
sympathetic.
  2)带有建议、命令、要求、忠告、重要、必要等意义的动词、名词和形 容词,其后的 that-从句的谓语形式用“should+动词原形”来表示虚拟语气。 这些从句包括宾语从句、主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。但是,美国英 语常省去 should。在复习时,考生应注意这类须用虚拟语气的词语。
  (1)表示建议、命令、要求、忠告、决定、主张、同意、坚持等动词有: ask,demand,advise,insist,request,prefer,re-quire,suggest,propose, forbid,recommend,urge,order,de-sire,move,agree,decide,determine, maintain 等。
  (2)上述动词相应的形容词或过去分词,以及表示重要、必要、惊讶、 可能、适当等意义的形容词,在“It is/was+形容词/过去分词+that-主语从 句”结构中时,that-主语从句用虚拟语气。常用的这类形容词或过去分词有: imperative , urgent , necessary , essential , important , vital , appropriate,advisable,bet-ter,preferable,possible,probable, desirable, required , demanded , requested , desired , suggested , recommended 等。
(3)上述动词和形容词相应的名词之后的表语从句或同位语从句用虚拟
语气。常用的这类名词有:demand,desire,require-ment,advice,order, decision,recommendation,suggestion,mo-tion,preference,necessity 以及 plan,idea 等。如:
What do you think of my proposal that we start a club for boys?
  His order that the troops not be sent at once was carried out. 虚拟语气重点在于掌握虚拟语气结构。做这类题时,要注意两点:判断 考题结构类型,判断虚拟句中“非真实性”存在的时间。下面是关于虚拟句
的例题:
  例 25:John would have studied medicine if he to a medi-cal school.
A.could enter B.had been admitted
C.was admitted D.were admitted
  答案是 B。本题是与过去事实相反的非真实条件句。从句应该是过去完 成时。
  
例 26:

,Richard would not have failed.

A.If he has listened to me
B.Had he listened to me
C.If he listened to me
D.If he would have listened to me
  答案是 B。从主句的时态可以知道,本题是与过去事实相反的非真实条 件句,从句应该是过去完成时。只有 B 符合语法。B 是省去了 IF 的从句。
例 27:If South America had not been colonized by Spain,Span-

ish

therenow.

A.will not be spoken B.was not spoken
C.would not be spoken D.would not have been spoken
  答案是 C。本题是主句和从句的语气不一致的非真实条件句。主句与现 在事实相反,所以选择应该是 C。
例 28 : We got caught in the traffic ; otherwise we
hereearlier.
A.should be B.would be
C.had been D.would have been
  答案是 D。本题的关键词是“otherwise”。它是一个含蓄的非真实条件 句。根据题干内容,可以知道该非真实条件句是与过去事实相反。所以主句 的谓语应该是 D。
  
例 29:I would have helped you but I

themoney.

A.didn’t have B.have hadn’t had
C.doesn’t have D.wouldn’t have
  答案是 A。本题的前半部是与过去事实相反的非真实条件句的主句。后 半部是真实的陈述句。根据前半部的谓语,可以知道陈述句是过去时。所以 选择 A。
  
例 30:If only you

thepianolastweek!

A.had bought B.would buy
C.bought D.should buy
  答案是 A。if only 后跟虚拟语气。根据时间状语可以知道,虚拟语气是 与过去事实相反。所以选择过去完成时。
  
例 31:I wish I

when I was a college student.

A.has not studied psychology
B.did study psychology C.had studied psychology D.studied psychology
答案是 C。动词 wish 后的从句用虚拟语气。从时间状语从句可以知道,
该句是与过去事实相反的虚拟句。应该用过去完成时。
例 32:If Tom did not attend the conference last night,he
too much work to do.
A.would have B.had had
C.must have D.must have had
  答案是 D。本句不是虚拟句。主句是对过去的行为进行肯定推测。所以 选择 D。
  
例 33:I’d just as soon you

the book yesterday.

A.return B.returned
C.have returned D.had returned
  答案是 D。would just as soon 后跟虚拟语气。根据时间状语可判断出 该句是与过去事实相反。所以选择 D。
  
例 34:The teacher suggested that her students
tions on their experiences with a foreign culture.
A.would write B.wrote

composi-

C.should write D.had written
答案是 C。suggest 后面的虚拟语气句的谓语应该用 should+动词原形。
例 35:It’s about time(that)the school its meals ser-vice.
A.improved B.should improve
C.has improved D.has to improve
答案是 A。“it’s(about)time”后的虚拟语气用过去时。
4.主谓一致 主谓一致指句子的主语和谓语动词之间在“人称”和“数”方面的一致
关系。这种一致关系常为三种原则所支配,即语法一致原则,含义一致原则 和相邻一致原则。如:
  The burnt child fears the fire.(主语和谓语均为单数,符合语法一 致原则)
  The football team are having baths.(主语形式是单数,含义是复数, 其后的谓语用复数,符合含义一致原则)
  Neither the prices nor the quality has changed.(谓语和与它相邻 的主语均为单数,符合相邻一致原则)
  主谓一致的基本规律很多,考生在复习时,应该在全面了解的基础上, 重点记忆一些在自己看来比较特殊的规律。下面进行重点例题讲解,以便加 深印象。
  
例 36:The audience
anddresses,some in jeans.

a variety of ways,some in suits

A.is dressed in B.are dressed in
C.is dressing in D.are dressed with
  答案是 B。该句主语为集合名词,集合名词的成员在独立行动,谓语要 用复数。“be dressed in”为固定词组搭配。所以只能选择 B。
  
例 37 : Buying clothes

a very time-consuming

practicebecause clothes can rarely fit a person.
A.has often been B.was often C.are D.is 答案是 D。本题主语为动名词,谓语用单数。

例 38:Neither of the boys who
is over.

us knows when thisgame

A.have been helping B.has helped
C.has been helping D.hepls
答案是 A。本题的形容词从句的先行词为“theboys”,所以用复数谓语。
例 39:His facial expression,as well as his tone of voice,
away.
A.was giving himself B.were giving him
C.were giving himself D.wasgivinghim
  答案是 D。本题中 as well as 导入的插入语不影响句子的谓语。谓语用 单数。B 和 C 不选。A 动词词组搭配不当。所以选择 D。
  例 40:She is the only one of the family members who to go to college.
A.intend B.have intended

C.intends D.intended
  答案是 C。本题形容词从句的先行词为 the onlyone,所以从句谓语用单 数。
例 41:A large collection of contemporary photographs,includ-

ing some taken by Henry,

displayatthemuse-um.

A.is on B.are on C.is for D.are for
答案是 A。本题主语“a collection of?”的谓语用单数。including
导入的插入语不影响主语的单复数。“be on display”为固定搭配。所以选
择 A。

例 42:More than 70% of the surface of the earth
A.is covering with B.are covered by
C.is covered by D.are covered with

water.

答案是 C。本题谓语的单复数应该根据 70%后的名词的单复数来定。B
和 D 不能选。而 A 应该为被动语态。所以 C 为正确答案。
  例 43:Every success and failure toan individual’sgrowth and maturity.
A.have contributed B.contributed
C.contributes D.contribute
答案是 C。every 修饰并列主语,该句谓语用单数。
例 44:Neither the cookies nor the fruit .
A.has been eaten yet B.have already been eaten
C.are eaten yet D.has already eaten
  答案是 A。neither?nor?连接两个并列主语时,句中的谓语的单复数 应该跟与它相邻的主语的单复数一致。B 和 D 不选。而 D 应该用被动语态。
5.倒装结构
  倒装结构是指为强调句子的某部分或出于其他原因,把句子谓语全部或 部分移到主语之前的一种句子结构。倒装结构有两种:全部倒装和部分倒装。 全部倒装又称主谓倒装,是把句子谓语全部置于主语之前的句子结构。部分 倒装又称主语与助动词或情态动词的倒装,是把句子谓语部分置于主语之前 的句子结构。倒装结构是语法结构题的重点内容,要注意掌握须使用倒装结 构的各种场合。
倒装结构的重点是部分倒装,因此,要重点掌握使用部分倒装的各种情
况。在做倒装题时,要根据已给的句子来判断谓语的时态,来选择正确的助 动词。
例 45:Anne didn’t like our new roommate,and .
A.I don’t too B.I didn’t also
  C.neither I did D.neither did I 答案是 D。neither 后倒装。
  例 46:Not until an infant hedgehog(刺猬)opens its eyes its nest to follow its mother about.
A.does it leave B.is leaving
C.it leaves D.and leaves
  答案是 A。not until?引导的状语从句置于句首时,主句的谓语用部分 倒装。
  
例 47:Only under special circumstances
tests.

to take make-up

A.are freshmen permitted B.freshmen are permitted C.permitted are freshmen D.are permitted freshmen
答案是 A。only 引导的状语置于句首时,句子的谓语用部分倒装。

例 48:Hardly

she started complaining.

A.had he arrived than B.he had arrived before
C.had he arrived when D.did he arrive
  答案是 C。 hardly?when?为固定搭配。hardly 置于句首时,主句的谓 语要部分倒装。
  
例 49:By no means

upon the people who are inferior tous.

A.did we look down B.had we looked down
C.we should D.should we look down
答案是 D。含有 no 的短语置于句首,作句子的状语时,句子要部分倒装。
C 不选。A 和 B 与句子意思不合。所以选择 D。

例 50:Not only

a promise,but he also kept it.

A.did he make B. he made
C.does he make D. he makes
  答案是 A。not only?but also?为固定搭配。 notonly 置于句首时, 其后的谓语要部分倒装。B 和 D 不选。C 时态不符合。所以选 A。
例 51: the Bob’s belongings that he carried them in abundle
slung over his shoulder.
A.Few were such B.So few were
C.It was D.They were so few
  答案是 B。so?that?是固定搭配。当 so 置于句首时,主句的谓语要倒 装。
  
例 52:Never
got there.

suchamarvelousplace asthe GreatWallbefore I

A.did I see B. I saw
C.I had seen D. had I seen
  答案是 D。否定词 never 置于句首作状语时,句子要部分倒装。不选 B 和 C。选择 A 时态不符合。因此 D 为正确答案。
例 53: ,it is quite easy to drill a hole on it with laser.
A.Hard although the diamond is
B.Hard as the diamond is C.As the diamond is hard D.How hard is the diamond
  答案是 B。根据句意,本题的从句为让步状语从句,as 引导让步状语从 句时,把所强调的部分提前。although 引导让步状语从句用正常语序。how 不能引导让步状语从句。应该用 however 或 no matter how 来引导。
  
例 54:

attempttodo this.

A.Only should a qualified electrician

B.Should a qualified electrician only
C.Only a qualified electrician should
D.A qualified electrician only should
  答案是 C。在本题中,“only a qualified electrician”作句子主语, 句子不倒装。
6.比较结构 比较结构是用来对两个或两个以上事物进行比较的句子结构。比较结构
常用的引导词有:as?as,not as?as,not so?as,- er/more?than,the most 等。
  在做比较结构的练习时,要特别注意比较结构的比较原则(即文法作用 相同而且同类的事物进行比较),比较结构的省略,替代规律,以及比较结 构的倍数表达方式。
例 55:I like this dress better than that one,but it costs .
A.twice as much B.twice more than
C.so much D.as much as
  答案是 A。“twice as much as”为倍数表达方式。本题的倍数表达方 式省略了后半部,as 也应省去。
例 56:The duties of a policeman are more dangerous than .
A.that of a teacher B.the one of a teacher
C.many of a teacher D.those of a teacher
答案是 D。在比较结构中,相比较的是文法作用相同的同类的两个事物。
that 和 the one 替代单数名词,而 those 可替代复数名词。所以选择 D。
例 57:Making friends is more rewarding .
A.than to be antisocial B.as being antisocial C.than being antisocial
D.than to be an antisocial person
  答案是 C。more??than??为固定搭配。B 不能选。又因比较结构中, 相比较的是文法作用相同的同类的两个事物。A 和 D 不能选。
例 58:Their job allows them less freedom than .
A.we do B.ours
C.we allow D. ours does
  答案是 D。比较结构中,相比较的是文法作用相同的同类的两个事物。 比较句中与主句相同的成分可省略。比较句中的动词用助动词替代。 “ours=ourjob”。所以 D 为正确答案。
  
例 59:My foot swelled up to three times
by a wasp(黄蜂).
A.the normal size B.the size of it
C.more than it D.as much as it

whenit wasstung

  答案是 A。本题中的比较结构是倍数表达方式。相比较的是肿起的脚和 正常状态的脚。只有 A 合句意。
  
例 60:She is

me,soIhavetodo whatshetellsme.

A.senior than B.senior to
C.more senior than D.more senior to

答案是 B。be senior to 在含义上相当于比较句,但不能用比较结构。 例 61:Of the two houses they prefer .
A.the most isolated one B.the one isolated more C.the more isolated one D.the isolated one more
  答案是 C。本题是两个事物的比较,用“the+比较级别+of+两者范围” 的结构。
例 62:The more we learn about the ambassador,the more wehave
.
A.increase of his status B.admiration for him C.praise increasing D.respect in him
  答案是 B。“the more?the more”结构中,主句和从句的语法结构对 等。因此 B 为正确答案。
  
例 63:The fall in interest rates is

news for borrowers.

A.most excellent B.a least excellent
C.excellent D.very excellent
答案是 C。excellent 本身已达极限。无比较级和最高级。
7.从句 英语各种从句从句法功能上可以划分为三大类:名词从句,形容词从句
和副词从句。从句在语法结构题中是很重要的内容,因此,要认真掌握名词
从句和副词从句的引导词的用法,以及形容词从句的关系代词的用法。 从句的重点在于:名词从句的连接代词和连接副词的正确使用,以及同
位语从句的用法;形容词从句的关系代词和关系副词的正确使用,“介词+
关系代词”结构的用法,以及非限定性形容词从句的一些特殊用法;副词从 句的一些特殊从属连词的用法。
例 64: we go to your place or stay here,we’ve still gotto
find something to eat.
A.If B.Wherever C. Though D. Whether
  答案是 D。wherever 和 though 虽然能引导让步状语从句,但是两者选择 的让步状语从句用“whether?or?”。
  
例 65:The judge paid a lot of attention to
wasunhappy at home.
A.the fact that B. the fact of
C.the fact which D. that
答案是 A。 the fact 后跟 that 同位语从句。

the child

例 66: ,women in Britain were not allowed to vote.
A.Not until 1918 B. After 1918
C.Ever since 1918 D. Up till 1918
  答案是 D。根据句子的意思“英国妇女直到 1918 年才被许可参加投票选 举”,只有 D.符合句意。
  
例 67:She’ll accept the job

the salary is too low.

A.providing that B. unless
C.if D.in case
  答案是 B。unless=if not,符合句子的意思。而 A,C 和 D 都不符合句 意。
例 68: day you may come,we’ll be pleased to see you. A.Whenever B.Which C.What D.Whichever
  答案是 D。B 和 C 不能引导让步状语从句。而选择 A 时,让步从句应该为 “whenever you maycome”。本题中,day 之前应该用形容词性的连接词。 所以 D 为正确答案。
例 69:She lived in Rome for a couple of years, shetaught
English.
A.which B.where C.that D.for which
  答案是 B。本题中的非限定性定语从句的先行词为地点名词“Rome”, 可以用连接副词 where 或 inwhich。所以 B 为正确答案。例 70:You reach a
  
point in any project

you just want toget the thing finished.

A.at which B.on which
C.for which D.which
  答案是 A。本题定语从句的先行词为“a point”,应该与介词 at 搭配。 所以定语从句的关系代词 which 也应该与 at 搭配。
  
例 71 : This research is important

it confirms the

exis-tence of a relationship between aggression and the use ofalcohol.
  A.in which B.in that C.from which D.for that 答案是 B。 in that 可以引导原因状语从句。
例 72:We’ve tested one hundred types of boot, is
com-pletely waterproof.
A.all of which B.some of whom


C.none of which D.none of them
  答案是 C。本题非限定性定语从句的先行词为物,所以不选 B。D 不合句 法,构成的是个单句,不是从句。A 不符合主谓一致。所以 C 是正确答案。
  
例 73:The reason why I plan to go to college is
t.
A.because she will disappoint
B.because she will have been disappointed
C.that she will be disappointed
D.for she will be disappointed
答案是 C。本题中的主语补语应该是 that-同位语从句。

if Idon’

例 74:I have no doubt

he will pass the examination.

A.that B. which C.whether D.if
  答案是 A。主句含有 doubt 的复合句中,如果主句是肯定句,doubt 后的 从句用 whether 或 if 引导,如果是否定句、疑问句,doubt 后的从句用 that。 因此,应该选择 A。
  
例 75:She cycled from London to Glasgow,

is prettygood

for a woman of 75.
A.which B.where C.that D.what
  答案是 A。非限定性定语从句的关系代词先行词是其前的整个句子。在 四个选择中,只有 which 可以引导以整个句子为先行词的非限定性定语从 句。
例 76:However much ,it will be worth it.
A.does the watch cost B.costs the watch
C.the watch will cost D.the watch costs


  答案是 D。在让步状语从句中,主谓要用正常语序。不能选 A 和 B。在让 步状语从句中用一般现在时代替将来时,不能选 C。所以 D 是正确答案。
例 77 : Essentially , a theory is an abstract , symbolic

representa-tion of

reality.

A.what it is conceived B.that is conceived
C.what is conceived to be D.that is being conceived of
  答案是 C。本题应该用名词性关系从句,才合句意及语法。不选 B 和 D。 而名词性关系从句中 what 既作前面介词的宾语,又作从句的主语。因此不能
选 A。
例 78:Although many colonial scholars consider Jonathan Ed-wards

an important writer,

any more.

A.though few people read his works
B.but few people read his works
C.and his works are not widely read
D.his works are not widely read
  答案是 D。本题是含让步状语从句的复合句。后面的主句不能再用连词。 所以 D 为正确答案。
8.强调句
  强调句是由“It is/wasthat+句子的其余部分”构成。如:It was a Christmas card that she sent me.强调句的特点是:把强调句的结构词“It is/was”和“that/who/whom”去掉后,其余的部分可组成一个完整的句子。 如把上述例句中的结构词去掉后,句子的其余可组成完整的句子“She sent me
a Christmas card.”当一个句子难以判断是否是强调句时,不妨用这个办法
来进行判断。 强调句要重点掌握的是人称代词的格的正确使用和状语的强调方式。
例 79: that I remembered her appointment with the doc-tor.
A.It was until she had arrived home
B.Not until she had arrived home
C.It was not until had she arrived home
D.It was not until she had arrived home
  答案是 D。A 不合句意。B 不合句法。notuntil 从句用正常语序,因此不 选 C。D 是强调状语从句的强调句。
例 80:It is the interaction between people,rather than theevents

that occur in their lives,that
psychology.

the main fo-cus of social

A.was B.is C. are D. has
  答案是 B。本题强调的是句子的主语,rather than 引导的插入成分不影 响句子的主谓一致。因此,应该选择单数谓语形式,不能选择 C。而 A 不合 时态,D 不合句意。所以选择 B。
9.情态动词
情态动词是助动词的一种,主要的情态动词有 can(could),may
(might),shall(should),will(would),dare,must,oughtto,need 等。与普通动词不同,情态动词一般没有人称、数和时态的变化,其后无一 例外地带有不带 to 的不定式。情态动词有很多用法,可以用来表示能力、可 能、许可、许诺、义务、意愿等概念或态度。
  在做有关情态动词的考题时,要注意分析句子的意思,选择合适的情态 动词结构。另外,还要注意辨别真实条件句和非真实条件句。
  
例 81:She

to your home-she doesn’t know your ad-dress.

A.has been B.shouldn’t have been
C.ought to have been D.can’t have been
答案是 D。根据句意,应该选择意为“不可能”的 D。
例 82:It’s very kind of you but you redlly .
A.wouldn’t have bothered B.shouldn’t have bothered C.could have bothered D.might have bothered
答案是 B。根据句意,应该选择意为“不该”的 B。

例 83:Please don’t do that again.You

me to death.

A.may have scared B.would have scared
C.have scared D.might have scared
  答案是 D。“might+have+过去分词”表示某事在过去可能发生而没有发 生。D 符合句子意思。
例 84:I could have passed the examination,but I .
A.failed B.did fail
C.would fail D.had failed
  答案是 A。根据句意,主句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气句。而后半句 是真实的陈述句。所以选择一般过去时。而 B 为强调语气的表达方式,不合 句意。所以 A 为正确答案。
  
例 85:When you got lost in the forest you
ened.

very fright-

A.had been B.must have been
C.must be D.will be
答案是 B。本题是对过去事情的肯定推测句。

例 86:You

wine-we’ve got plenty.

A.needn’t have bought B.can’t have bought
C.must have bought D.couldn’t have bought
  答案是 A。“needn’t+have+过去分词”表示过去某行为本无需发生而 发生了。A 符合句意。
10.名词和代词

  名词和代词重点包括名词形容用法,名词所有格,以及代词与其前述词 的一致等。
  例 87 : Although adult education in the United States began incolonial times, chief growth has taken placesince the 1920’
s.
A.its B.so it C.but its D.it is
  答案是 A。本题中“chief growth”指的是“adulteducation”的主要 发展。所以选择 A。
例 88:Cat has always liked .
A.this my mother’s old chair B.this old of my mother’s chair C.this old chair of my mother D.this old chair of my mother’s
答案是 D。本题应该选择名词的双重属格形式。
例 89:The committee was unable to agree on a policy,and so
decided to meet again next month.
A.it B.they C.he D.she
  答案是 A。根据本题的前半句谓语,“the commit-tee”在该句中被看 作一个整体。所以选择 A。
  
例 90 : Most
theirbackground.

frogs change color to harmonize with

A.tree’s B.trees C.trees’ D.tree
答案是 D。名词作形容词时,一般不用复数形式,不用所有格形式。
例 91 : Her interest in the newspaper business came from

herparents,both of

were journalists.

A.them B.whom C.which D.whose
  答案是 B。本题后半句为非限定性定语从句。关系代词的先行词是人。 所以选择 B。
  
例 92:A large

of money was stolen the other day.

A.number B.deal C.lot D.amount
答案是 D。本题中“money”应该与“a largeamount of”搭配。注意:
a large amount of 和 a greatdeal of 后跟不可数名词。而 a great/large number of 后接名词复数。
例 93:Neither the package nor the letters had reached
destination.
A.their B.its C.theirs D.them
  答案是 A。当由 neither??nor??连接两个并列主语时,后面的代词 应该和与它相邻的主语保持一致。
例 94 : I was trembling with fear at the thought of
injec-tion.
A.some B.other
C.some other D.another
  答案是 D。another 一般用于单数可数名词前;some 既可用于可数名词 复数也可以用于不可数名词;other 用于可数名词复数;some other 用于不
  
可数名词。
11.形容词和副词 形容词一般用在所修饰名词之前,系动词之后,说明某物是什么样子或
像什么样子。副词一般可以用在句首、句中或句尾。对动作如何发生、何时 何地发生等进行说明。
形容词和副词的重点是形容词和副词在句中的位置,及其特殊用法。
例 95:Since he became a grandfather,he’s .
A.the proudest alive person B.the prouder person alive C.the proudest person alive D.a proud alive person
  答案是 C。根据句意,要用最高级,不选 BD。又因为以 a-开首的形容词 一般作后置定语,所以 C 为正确答案。
  
例 96:At the moment each of the girls was
personal safety to care much about the luggage.
A.very busy thinking
B.very much busy to think
C.too busy thinking
D.much busy thinking

about herown

答案是 C。根据句意,应该选择有否定含义的“too?to?”结构。
  例 97:Hot air accompanied by high relative humidity feelswarmer than .
A.is it actually B.it actually is
C.actually it is D.is actually it

答案是 B。系动词之后用形容词。
例 99:It was that we were able to have lunch in the gar-den.
A.so nice weather B.such nice weather
C.so a nice weather D.such nice a weather
  答案是 B。在“so/such??that”结构中,so 用于形容词前,such 用 于名词前。不可数名词前用 such。weather 为不可数名词,所以选择 B。(四) 答题对策与技巧
1.抓住关键词
  语法测试题中,往往有一些关键词。这些关键词,有的能帮助考生迅速 作出选择,有的能帮助考生判断考题类型。考生平时应该巩固语法知识,熟 悉各类题型的要点,注意积累英语特殊用法和惯用法。在此基础上,反复练 习,培养对关键词的敏感度。
1)利用关键词,迅速作出选择 有些语法测试题,句子结构清晰,关键词突出。根据关键词就已知道答
案该是什么。考生只需很快地从选择项里找出答案。对待这类题,考生无需 过细地阅读题句及选择项。如:
(1)要求用虚拟语气的动词,名词,形容词
  例 100:They didn’t like my suggestion that before wemake any firm decisions.
  
A.we wait a while
B.we waited a while
C. we would wait a while
D. we shall wait a while
答案 A。suggestion 为关键词。
  例 101:I don’t think it advisable that Tom to the jobsince he has no experience.
A.is assigned B. would be assigned
C.be assigned D.has been assigned
答案是 C。advisable 为关键词。
2)后面只能跟动名词或不定式的动词、名词、特殊用法
例 102:She’s one of those guests who does nothing but .
A.to complain B.complaining
C.complain D.complained
答案是 C。“do nothing but”后跟不带 to 的不定式
3)固定搭配

例 103:No sooner

than it started to snow.

A.had he gone out B.he had gone out
C.did he go out D.he has gone out
答案是 A。“No sooner?than?”为固定搭配。
2.利用关键词,判断考题类型 有些句子中的关键词虽然不能帮助考生很快得出答案,但是可以给出提
示,帮助他们判断题型,缩小选择范围。如:
  1)含有否定词的副词作状语,置于句首时,句子要部分倒装。这样的否 定词就是句中的关键词。可以把选择缩小为倒装结构。
例 104:Not only difficult to light,but it smelled of oil.
A.it was B.it made
C.did it make D.was it
答案是 D。
  2)时间状语也是关键词,能帮助判断考题是过去时、现在时还是将来时。 但具体选择还要根据具体情况来定。
例 105:It is believed that people referred to as“Vikings”
North America about the year 1000 A.D.
A.reached to B.have reached to
C.had reached D.reached
  答案是 D。“the year 1000 A.D..”是过去时间。“reach”为及物动 词。
3.利用试题中的谓语 试题中的谓语含有的信息有:句子的时间基点、语态、动词的单复数等。
有助于动词时态题、主谓一致题、代词一致题等的解答。如:
  1)有些测试时态的考题中没有时间状语,这就需要考生通过分析考题中 的谓语,找出时间基点。在此基础上,根据两个动作发生的先后关系来选择 正确答案。
例 106:George is one of the brightest students who fromNew

York University.
A.is graduated B.have graduated
C.has graduated D.had graduated
  答案是 B。根据句意,该句中的定语从句的谓语用完成时。但是是选择 现在完成时还是过去完成时,这就要视已给的谓语的时态而定。所以该句选 择了现在完成时。
2)主谓一致,名词代词一致的测试题也可从已知的谓语得到提示。

例 107 : In

statements to the press , the committee

areexpressing several surprising viewpoints.
A.his B. her C.their D.its
  答案是 C。根据已给谓语,可以知道该句的集合名词中的成员是独立行 动的。所以代词要选择复数。
  4.根据题型特点,选择解题方法有些题型有其明显的特点,可以有针对 性地选择解题方法。如:
例 108: Written in great haste, .
A.Jim made a lot of mistakes in the report B.there are plenty of errors in the report C. we found several mistakes in his letter D.the book is full of errors
答案是 D。本题是含有分词短语做状语的题型。这种题型往往要求主句
的主语是分词短语的逻辑主语。因此做这类题时,只需选择能使主句的主语 和分词的主语保持一致的选择项即可。在解答本题时,考生无需对四个选择 项逐一分析。只需看它们的主语即可。
5.采用排除法
  有些测试题难以选择,可以从选择项入手,利用自己掌握的语法规则, 特殊用法等,通过分析选择项,采用逐一排除的方法确定正确答案。如:
例 109:She must be looking forward as much to his return as he

himself is to

her.

A.see B.have seen
C.seeing D.having seen
  答案是 C。本题句子结构复杂,含有三种语法现象:情态动词,非谓语 动词以及比较句。本题的关键词是“must”,“look forward to”和“? asmuchas?”。通过分析句子和选择项,B 和 D 为完成时,与本句意思不和。 本句为比较句,前后结构应该对称。而“look forward to”后用动名词,A 不合语法。只能选择 C。
  
二、模拟题

Test 1

Vocabulary and Structure


  Directions:There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part.Foreach sentence there are four choices marked A.,B.,C.and D..Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then markthe corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single linethrough the center.
1.Lina woke up from the bad dream the oil-lamp burn-ing.
A.with B.until
C.of D.in
2.John didn’t turn up until the meeting was nearly over,forthe

simple reason that he

asleep while watching tele-vision.

A.was falling B.fell
C. has fallen D.had fallen
  3.We had no idea how difficult the experiment would be we were half way through it.
A.unless B.after
C.until D.before

4.A person who talks to

is not necessarily mad.

A.itself B.yourself
C.oneself D.himself
5. of them understood what the manager said at themeeting.
A.Someone B.Anyone
C.No one D.None

6.A man’sworthlies

inwhathehas

inwhatheis.

A.as?as B.rather?than? C.more?than? D.not so much?as?
7. Ibeenthere,Icouldhaveexplainedit.
A.Had B.Would
C.Should D.Have

8.I fonly the parcel

there in time!

A.had arrived B.has arrived
C.is arriving D.arrives
9.Robert remembers to Paris when he was avery small child.
A.to take B.being taken
C.to be taken D.taking
10. is well-known to all,too much stress can cause dis
-ease.
A.As B.That
C.It D.Which
11.Janet not have seen you yesterday,for she was not there.

A.must B.should
C.could D.might
  12. the danger that he might be injured,Ned bravelyentered the burning house in order to save the children.
A.Seeing B.No matter what
C.Despite D.Although

13.Any student who
examination.

his home workisun likely to pass the

A.offends B.practises
C.neglects D.reduces
14.The young man was asked to for being rude to his aunt.
A.pardon B.apologize
C.punish D.excuse
15.The child looked rather untidy as there were two buttons
from his coat.
A.missing B.away
C.off D.osing

16.I could tell he was surprised from the
A.view B.expression
C.sight D.appearance

on his face.

17.“Did you blame her for her mistakes?”“Yes ,but I
so”.

A.shouldn’t have done
B.better not done
C. would not rather do
D.rather not so
18.She jotted the name down







she forget it.

A.lest B.when
C.if D.until

19.The three friends all

for the same job.

A.referred B.intended
C.applied D.requested
20.——Do I have to take that German course?——No,you .
A.needn’t B.mustn’t
C.don’t have D.haven’t

Test 2

Vocabulary and Structure


  Directions:There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part.Foreach sentence there are four choices marked A.,B.,C.and D..Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Thenmarkthe corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single linethrough the center.
  
1.Janet was very up set by the of her English examina-tion.
A.success B.effect
C.failure D.result
2.He climbed up into the tree and picked all the fruit reach.
A.beyond B.at
C.within D.inside
  3.The purpose of the exam was to the students’knowl-edge of the subject.
A.practise B.test
C.prove D.try

4.Trains stop here in order to

pass engers only.

A.get past B.pull up
C.pick up D.get off
5.You take the opportunity of him,but you takead-vantage

of

in London to visit him.

A.visiting?his presence B.visiting?his presenting C.to visit?to present D.visited?his presence
6.His arguments are foreign
A.in B.to
C.on D.at







this question.

  7. is one of the most useful and fascinating divisions of human knowledge is widely accepted.
A.That mathematics
B.Mathematics C.Where mathematics D.What mathematics

8.Thecropwasseriously

bytherecentheavyfrost.










up.

A.inflicted B.affected
C.afflicted D.infected
9.“WhenisProfessorWangcomingback?”“He is coming back .” A.for tomorrow B.the day after tomorrow
C.in a few day D.in a couple week
10.There as on she has been such as uccessis she nevergives

A.which B.that
C.what D.because
11.If he had quietly as instructed by the doctor,hemight

not have had a second heart attack.
A.lie B.lain
C.lay D.laid

12.Peter forbade

to the park.

A.she went B.her to go

C.her for going D.she should go

13.Angela had

late for work.

A.never been B.been never
C. been ever D.ever been
  14.There is no material will deform more or less underthe action of forces.
A.who B.as
C.but D.that
15.Since so many quests were expected,they decided .
A.to double the recipe
B.let’s increase each ingredient two times
C.had better they to double the recipe
D.that they had better to double the recipe

16.They were all

to retire.

A.old than enough B.enough old
C.old enough D.so old enough

17.Jane’s

in going abroad to study.

A.interests B.interested
C.interest D.interesting

18.He wouldn’t want to live there and .
A.either wouldn’t she B.neither would she C.neither she would D.so would she
19.He didn’t take the flat because he couldn’t afford the .
A.salary B.rent
C.fare D.hire
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