The Snow Queen 著：Rosemary Border 插图：何宗
Happy and the Plums
著：Taya Zinkin Rosemary Border
The Story of Tea
著：Rosemary Border Taya Zinkin
把它带走！ Take it Away
本书注释者：杨峻岭 本书责任编辑：任晓霞 中文版主编：陈新
English edition originally published as Oxford Storyland
Readers by Oxford University Press (China) Limited
Original English text and artwork Oxford University Press
1 995, 1 996 Chinese text Jiangsu Education Publishing House
This Chinese edition is licensed for sale in Mainland China only and not for export therefrom
'Oxford' is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written consent of the Publishers
The authors and Publishers wish to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs in this book:
Bryan and Cherry Alexander Photography; G R Roberts Documentary Photographs; Marquess of Tavistock and Trustees of the Bedford Estate; Mikimoto Pearl Jewellery (HK) Ltd; NCN Ltd; Noritake Hong Kong Ltd; Royal Doulton Hong Kong Ltd; SuperStock (HK) Ltd; Tourism Authority of Thailand; Robin S Baker
There might be instances where we kave been unable to trace
or contact the copyright holder before our printing deadline. We apologize for this apparent negligence. If notified, the Publishers will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity
The Snow Queen
A long, long time ago, there was a magic mirror. It made beautiful, good things look ugly and bad. One day, the magic mirror broke into many, many small, sharp pieces and the wind blew the pieces all over the world.
If a piece touched someone's eye, the person forgot the pain and the person could never be happy again. If a piece of the magic mirror touched a person's heart, the heart became cold and the person could not love anyone.
Kay and his friend, Gerda, lived in two old houses in Sweden.
In the summer, they grew roses in their window boxes. In the cold winter, deep snow covered the window boxes.
One day in the winter, Kay and Gerda were looking through a window. The snow was falling. The snowflakes were beautiful.
'The snowflakes are soldiers,' said Gerda's grandmother.
'Do they have a queen?' asked Kay.
'Yes,' said the old woman. 'She's called the Snow Queen. The snowflakes are her soldiers.'
'I'd like to see the Snow Queen,' said Kay quietly.
That night, Kay looked out of the window. He saw a tall, white, beautiful woman! Her eyes were like two cold stars. Kay closed the curtains quickly but he never forgot the beautiful woman.
Soon spring came and the roses grew again. One day, when Kay
and Gerda were looking at the roses, Kay suddenly shouted. One piece
of the magic mirror was in Kay's eye, and another one was in his heart.
'What's the matter?' asked Gerda. Kay did not answer. He pushed
Gerda away angrily.
'Don't touch me!" Kay shouted. 'Your hands are dirty!'
Then he looked at the beautiful roses. They looked ugly. He said, 'They're ugly. I don't like them!'
Gerda started to cry. 'Don't cry! You look ugly when you cry!'
shouted Kay. 'Go away!'
Gerda was very sad. Kay was very unhappy. He did not love Gerda now. His heart was as cold as ice.
1. Find these words in the word square. We have found two words for you already.
roses Kay sharp
ugly gerda ice houses heart
2. Who said these sentences? Choose from the people below and write the right names in the blanks.
Kay Gerda Gerda's grandmother
a) 'The snowflakes are soldiers.'
b) 'I'd like to see the Snow Queen.'
c) 'What's the matter?'
d) 'You look ugly when you cry!'
Autumn came, then winter, and the children played with their
sledges. One snowy day, Kay saw a big sledge with two beautiful reindeer near his house. Kay tied his small sledge to the big one, and waited. The sledge started to move. It moved very quickly on the snow. The reindeer ran like the wind. Soon Kay could not see his house behind him. He was afraid!
At last the big sledge stopped and the driver got out. It was the Snow Queen! .
She put her long white coat round Kay, and kissed him. Her lips were as cold as ice. She threw Kay's little sledge onto a pile of snow. 'Now fly away with me,' she said.
The next day Kay's family found his sledge but they did not find Kay 'The wolves have eaten him!' they said. 'They're always hungry in the winter.'
'It isn't true,' thought Gerda. 'I will go and look for Kay
in the spring.'
One day in early spring, Gerda went down to the river. 'River,'
she said, 'have you seen my friend Kay?'
'No,' said the river. Then Gerda saw a little boat. She climbed into it, and the boat started to move slowly down the river.
The boat stopped beside a beautiful garden. An old woman helped Gerda to get out of the boat. 'Who are you, child?' asked the old woman kindly.
'I'm Gerda, and I'm looking for my friend. He's lost.' Gerda told the old woman about Kay and the roses.
The old woman had no children and she wanted Gerda to live with her. She wanted her to forget Kay. So she said some magic words and they made Gerda forget Kay. 'Kay likes roses. If Gerda sees
my roses, she will remember him,' thought the old woman. So she said another magic word to hide all her roses under the ground.
1. Read the sentences below and write the answers in the crossword.
a) The time when Kay saw a big sledge.
b) They pulled the big sledge.
c )The time when Gerda went to look for Kay. d) Gerda climbed into it.
e )Kay's family thought they ate Kay.
f )The Snow Queen put it round Kay.
2. Join the two parts of the sentences.
a) The reindeer ran · ·very quickly
b) The Snow Queen's lips were ··like the wind.
c) The big sledge moved · ·kindly.
d) The boat moved · · as cold as ice.
e) The old woman talked to Gerda · · slowly.
Gerda lived happily with the kind old woman. Then, one cold day in the autumn, Gerda saw a picture of a rose. The picture made Gerda think of Kay's roses in the window boxes in his house. And then she remembered Kay. She started to cry. Her tears fell onto the leaves on the ground. Suddenly Gerda saw a red rose growing.
It nodded its beautiful head.
'Rose,' said Gerda, 'have you seen Kay?' The rose shook its head. Gerda ran to the other flowers in the garden. 'Have you seen Kay?' she asked, but all the flowers shook their heads.
'I must go and look for Kay at once!' Gerda said to herself.
'Wait!' shouted the old woman, but Gerda ran out of the
Gerda ran and ran. Soon it was dark and the trees looked like ugly old men with long, horrible fingers. She was very afraid.
Then a big black bird flew down from a tree and sat on Gerda's shoulder. 'Please, Bird,' said Gerda, 'have you seen my friend Kay?'
'I saw him last winter,' said the big black bird. 'He flew away in the Snow Queen's sledge.'
'Which way did they go?' asked Gerda.
'To the north,' said the bird, and it flew away.
Then Gerda met a reindeer. She told him her story. 'Climb onto
my back, little girl,' said the reindeer. 'I know an old woman in
Lapland. She knows many things. We'll ask her to help us.'
Gerda was very tired and she fell asleep on the reindeer's back. When she woke
again, she saw a lot of beautiful lights in the sky
'Those are the Northern Lights,' said the reindeer. 'We only see them in the sky near the North Pole. Soon we shall be in Lapland.'
They came to the old woman's little house. 'The Snow Queen does
not live here. She lives in a castle near the North Pole. There the snow never melts and the ground is always frozen,' said the old woman.
'Oh, no!' shouted Gerda.
The old woman said, 'Don't be sad! Kay's happy because his heart has become Very cold, too.'
'How can I make his heart warm again?' asked Gerda.
'I don't know,' said the woman.
Look at the pictures. Write the right words in the blanks to tell the story.
Gerda asked a red a) about Kay but it b) its head.
c) came to d) and sat on her . e). She asked it about
f) . It said, 'He flew to the north with the Snow Queen in her g) . Gerda asked a h) to help her. She climbed onto his i ) and they went to j) . They found the old woman. She said, 'The Snow Queen has a k) near the North Pole.
l) is there.'
Gerda rode the reindeer to the Snow Queen's castle. The Northern Lights were shining on the walls of the castle. No flowers grew and no birds sang there because it was always winter.
Gerda thanked the reindeer and kissed his soft, pink nose.
'Wait for me here,' she said. Then she walked bravely through the gates.
Snow was falling. The snowflakes were the Snow Queen's soldiers and they did not want Gerda to go into the castle. Gerda was very, very afraid! But her warm, kind heart melted the snowflakes and Gerda walked through the tall doors of the Snow Queen's castle.
There was a magic mirror in the Snow Queen's castle. It was made of thousands of small, sharp pieces of ice. Together, the pieces made a beautiful picture.
Kay liked playing with the pieces. They were like a puzzle.
He played with them all the time. He made pictures, and he made words, but he could not spell one word. That word was WINTER.
'I'm going away,' said the Snow Queen one day. 'Try to do your puzzle before I come back, Kay. If you can spell WINTER, I'll let you go.' But she thought, 'The puzzle's too difficult for him.' Now Gerda found Kay beside the magic mirror! She took Kay in
her arms and kissed him. His body was very cold and he did not
remember Gerda. 'Go away!' he shouted angrily.
Gerda started to cry. Kay saw her tears and his heart became warm again. Kay started to cry, too. As he cried, the piece of the magic mirror came out of his eye. Now he remembered Gerda! He kissed her, and they danced and laughed together.
The pieces of ice in the magic mirror danced, too. When they
stopped e word WINTER!
'Hooray!' shouted Kay. 'We've done the Snow Queen's puzzle. We can go home now!'
As they walked, the snow on the ground melted and green grass
grew. They climbed onto the reindeer's back and went home happily.
1. Write the right words in the blanks. The first one has been done for you.
Gerda and the reindeer a) came (come) to the gates of the
Snow Queen's castle. The Northern Lights b) (shine) on its walls. No flowers c) (grow) and no birds d) (sing). Gerda e) (tell) the reindeer to wait outside the castle. Gerda's tears f) (melt) the snowflakes. She g) (walk) through the tall doors of the castle and h) (find) Kay. She
i) (take) Kay in her arms and j) (kiss) him.
2. Kay and Gerda did the Snow Queen's puzzle. Can you do our puzzle? Find the missing letters. Write them in the right places
to spell the words.
The North and South Poles
Can you see the North and South Poles? They are on the opposite sides of the world.
In most places in the world, the sun rises and sets every day. But it is different near the two Poles. For many days in the middle
of the winter there is only night near the North Pole because the sun does not rise. When it is dark near the North Pole, it is light near the South Pole.
Also, for many day s in the middle of the summer there is only day near the North Pole because the sun does not set. When it is light near the North Pole, it is dark near the South Pole.
Antarctica is the coldest place in the world. The South Pole
is in the centre of Antarctica. There are no land animals, trees
or flowers, but there are a lot of fish, sea animals like seals, and sea birds like penguins. Penguins are birds but they cannot fly.
In 1911 Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian, walked across Antarctica
to the South Pole with sledges and dogs. He was the first man to
go to the South Pole and return safely. Many people tried to go
to the South Pole but most of them died before they found it.
Today people from many countries visit Antarctica. They also use sledges but their sledges now have engines like cars. They have radios, too. If they need help, they can use the radios to tell their friends. But Antarctica is still a very dangerous place.
The North Pole is in the centre of the Arctic. There are no cows or sheep near the North Pole because there is no grass for them to eat. But we can find reindeer near the North Pole because they can dig with their hoofs and find small plants under the ice and snow.
The sea near the North Pole is full of fish. Seals, whales and other sea animals catch the fish in the sea and eat them. Polar bears live on the ice near the North Pole, too. They eat seals and other animals. Polar bears have very thick, white coats to keep them warm. All animals near the North Pole need warm coats because the weather is always very cold.
1. Read the instructions and complete the map. a) Colour the Arctic in blue.
b) Colour Antarctica in green.
c) Write South Pole and North Pole in the right boxes.
2.Tick the right place(s) for each item.
The Arctic Antarctica
a) South Pole
b) North Pole
c) polar bears
f) Roald Amundsen
h) the coldest place in the world
People near the North Pole
Lapland is in the north of Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia. Not many people live there because it is very cold.
The children in Lapland learn to ski when they are very small. Reindeer used to be very important to the people of Lapland.
They used to go verywhere by reindeer sledge. They ate reindeer meat. They drank reindeer milk and they made bags, clothes and shoes from reindeer skins. Now they can buy food and clothes in shops. But they still make beautiful clothes, shoes and bags with reindeer skins.
The Inuit live in Greenland, Canada and Alaska near the North Pole. They are also called Eskimos. Today they live in houses. They have shops and schools, hospitals and libraries. In the past their lives were very different.
Seals were the most important thing to them. They ate seal meat. They used to live in sealskin tents. They wore thick, warm sealskin clothes. They made sealskin boats, too. The Inuit made strong, light sledges. Inuit dogs were not pets. They pulled the sledges and they slept outside in the snow. The Inuit made holes in the frozen ground and speared fish through the holes.
Sometimes, when the Inuit were away from home, they built small,
round snow houses called igloos. They slept on sealskins on the frozen ground.
1.Putatick(√)beside the things that are true and across(×)
beside the things that are false.
a) The people in Lapland used to go everywhere by reindeer sledge.
b) The people in Lapland ate reindeer meat and drank reindeer
c) Eskimos is another name for Inuit.
d) Today the Inuit have shops and schools.
e) Today the Inuit live in sealskin tents.
f) The Inuit did not eat seal meat.
g) An igloo is a small, round snow house.
2. Nuka is an Inuit. He is 80 years old, and he is telling his grandchildren about the past. Look at the pictures below, and say what Nuka is saying about each picture. Write the answers in the blanks below. Start each sentence with en I was young, we used
Icebergs and Glaciers
There are icebergs and glaciers in both the North and South
An iceberg is like a mountain of ice in the sea. It looks very, very big, but you can only see a small part of it above the water. Most of it is under the water. Sometimes the water becomes warmer, and the bottom of the iceberg melts. When the top of the iceberg
is heavier than the bottom, the iceberg turns upside down and it makes a terrible noise.
Rivers of ice are called glaciers. Glaciers start at the top
of a high mountain. They move like rivers but very, very slowly down the mountains. Some glaciers move faster than others. A glacier usually moves between one centimetre and one metre a day.
Have you ever looked carefully at a snowflake? Some snowflakes are like wheels and some are like stars but every snowflake has six points.
For children, snow is fun. They can build snowmen with snow. They can throw snowballs and play with their sledges in the snow. They can ski in the snow, too.
Winter is not a good time for some animals and birds because the weather is too cold and they cannot find food. Some animals, like snakes and tortoises, go to sleep in the winter and wake up when the weather is warm again.
Things to do in Cold Weather
In some places it is very cold in the winter and it snows, too. When it snows, it is difficult to walk. Your feet become very wet and cold and you become very tired quickly. A long time ago the people in Canada made the first snow-shoes so the people could move easily over the snow. Then, one day in the north of Europe, somebody made the first skis. The oldest ski is in a museum in Sweden. It
is over 4,000 years old!
Today millions of people go skiing in the mountains. Some people learn to ski at skiing school. To ski you need skis, ski poles and boots.
When it is very, very cold, ponds and rivers become frozen.
It is very difficult to walk. Many, many years ago, people made the first skates from animal bones. They used skates to skate on frozen ponds and rivers.
In some places in the world it never snows and ponds and rivers never become frozen. People can still skate because they can skate
on an ice-skating rink.
In the past, when rivers and ponds were frozen, people could not sail their boats. Now they can sail an ice yacht. The wind blows the yacht across the ice very quickly. In a strong wind, an ice yacht can go at more than 200 kilometres an hour.
1. Look at the pictures. Write the right words.
2. Look at the pictures. Two things are missing in each picture. Draw
Page 1 a) The magic mirror made everything look beautiful /
ugly / small.
b) If a piece of the magic mirror touched someone's eye
/ mouth / heart, the person could not love anyone. Page 2 a) Where did Kay and Gerda live?
b) Did the roses grow in the garden?
c) What would Kay like to do? Page 3 a) Did Kay love Gerda now?
b) Kay's heart was as cold as
Page 5 a) How many reindeer were there?
b) Who was the driver of the big sledge?
c) What did the Snow Queen do to Kay's sledge?
Page 6 a) What did Kay's family say when they found Kay's
b) Where did Gerda go?
Page 7 a) Why did the old woman want Gerda to live with her?
b) How did the old woman hide the roses under the ground?
Page 9 a) When did Gerda remember Kay?
b) What made Gerda remember Kay?
c) Did the red rose on the ground see Kay?
big black bird sat on Gerda's hand.
b) The big black bird saw Kay last winter.
c) Kay went to the south in the Snow Queen's sledge. Page 11 a) What did Gerda see in the sky?
b) Where did the old woman live?
c) Did the old woman know how to make Kay's heart warm
Page 13 a) How did Gerda go to the Snow Queen's castle?
b) Why did the snowflakes not want Gerda to go into the
Page 14 a) Together the pieces made a beautiful b) Kay could not spell
Page 15 a) Where did Gerda find Kay?
b) When did the piece of the magic mirror come out of
True or false?
a) When it is dark near the North Pole, it is dark near
the South Pole, too.
b) The North and South Poles are on opposite sides of
Page 18 a) Which is the coldest place in the world?
b) Who was the first person to walk across Antarctica?
c) Are there any land animals in Antarctica? Page 19 a) What do seals eat?
b) Why do animals near the North Pole need warm coats? Page 21 a) The children in Lapland learn to swim / dance / ski when they are very small.
b) The people of Lapland used to go everywhere by boat
/ sledge / aeroplane.
Page 22 a) Where do the Inuit live?
b) What did the Inuit eat?
c) How did the Inuit catch fish? Page 23 When did the Inuit build igloos? Page 25 a) What is an iceberg?
b) When does an iceberg turn upside down?
c) Where do glaciers start?
Page 26 a) How many points does a snowflake have?
b) What do snakes and tortoises do in the winter? Page 27 a) Who made the first snow-shoes?
b) How old is the oldest ski in the world?
c) Where is the oldest ski?
Page 28 a) What were the first skates made from?
b) How fast can an ice yacht go?
roses Kay sharp
Snow Queen ugly
ice houses heart
a) Gerda's Grandmother c)Gerda
b) Kay d)Kay
Page 8 练习
a) The reindeer ran · · very quickly.
b) The Snow Queen's lips were
· like the wind,
c) The big sled moved
d) The boat moved
· as cold as ice,
e) The old woman talked to Gerda
Page 12 练习
A big black bird
b) shone g)walked
c) grew h)found
d) sang i)took
e) told j)kissed
Page 20 练习
1．阅读下面的说明并完成地图。 a)把北极洲涂上蓝色。 b)把南极洲涂上绿色。 c)在正确的方框里写上南极和北极。
a) South Pole
b) North Pole √
c) polar bears √
d) seals √ √
e) penguins √
f) Roald Amundsen √
g) reindeer √
h) the coldest place in the world √
Page 24 练习
a)√ e)× b)√ f)× c)√ g)√ d)√
2．努卡是个因纽特人。他 80 岁了，他正在给他的孙子孙女们讲过
去的事。看下面的图画，说出关于每幅图画努卡都讲了些什么。在下面 的横线上写出答案。每句话都用“When I was young, we used to ?” 开头。
a) When I was young, we used to wear thick, warm sealskin
b) When I was young, we used to make sealskin boats.
c) When I was young ,we used to build igloos.
Page 29 练习
Pages 30-32 问题
Page 1 a) The magic mirror made everything look ugly.
b) If a piece of the magic mirror touched someone's
the person could not love anyone.
In two houses in Sweden.
No, they grew in window boxes.
He would like to see the Snow Queen.
No, he did not.
Kay's heart was as cold as ice.
It was the Snow Queen.
She threw it onto a pile of snow.
They said, 'The wolves have eaten him!'
She went down to the river.
Because she had no children.
She said a magic word.
One cold day in the autumn.
A picture of a rose.
The Northern Lights.
No, she did not.
She rode the reindeer.
Because they were the Snow Queen's soldiers.
Together the pieces made a beautiful picture.
b) Kay could not spell winter.
She found him beside the magic mirror.
When Kay cried, it came out of his eye.
Because the weather is always very cold.
The children in Lapland learn to ski when they are
b) The people of Lapland used to go everywhere by sledge.
Page 22 a) In Greenland, Canada and Alaska. b) They ate sea] meat.
c) They speared fish through the holes in the frozen
Page 23 When they were away from home.
Page 25 a) It is like a mountain of ice in the sea.
b) When the top of the iceberg is heavier than the bottom. c) They start at the top of a high mountain.
Page 26 a) Six.
b) They sleep in the winter. Page 27 a) The people in Canada.
b) It is over 4,000 years old.
c) It is in a museum in Sweden. Page 28 a) Animal bones.
b) It can go at more than 200 kilometres an hour.
Happy and the Plums
Many, many years ago, a fisherman, his wife and their baby lived near the Yangtze River in China. The fisherman was called Hai. His wife's name was Lan. Their baby was a happy little boy. He laughed
a lot so Hai and Lan called him Siaole. It means 'happy' in English
so his English name was Happy The family lived in a little house near the river. The house was very small. They were poor but they were happy. Hai worked very hard and they always had enough food
One day Hai became very sick. He could not go fishing. After
a few days he died!
A few months later, Lan had to sell Hai's fishing boat because she had no money. Then she bought some food . 'Soon we'll have
no money I can grow fruit and vegetables in our little garden, but I need to buy rice for Happy I must work to get some money,' Lan said to herself.
Then she sat down and looked round her little house.
Everything was very clean. 'Some women do not like cleaning their houses or washing their clothes but I like cleaning and washing,' thought Lan. 'Perhaps I can work in a rich lady's house.
I can clean the house and wash the clothes, and then I will have
some money. Probably Happy can come to the house with me.' Lan was happy.
A week later, Lan found a job. She got up very early every
morning. She bathed Happy and gave him his breakfast. She cleaned her little house and worked for an hour in her little garden. Then Lan and Happy went to Mrs Huang's big house.
When Lan cleaned Mrs Huang's house and washed the Huang
family's clothes, Happy played beside his mother. They were both happy. Mrs Huang was very rich but she did not give Lan much money. Little Happy always had rice to eat and clean clothes to wear. Lan was sometimes hungry but she was happy because her little son was happy and he was growing very quickly.
1. Find these words in the word square. week
lady rich grow wash sick happy
2. Happy and his mother Lan lived a long time ago in China. Things were very different in those days. Look at the picture
below. There are four mistakes in the picture. Put a cross on each mistake.
A few years later, it was time for Happy to go to school. Lan could not buy new clothes and new shoes for him because they were very poor. But Lan was clever! She cut up Hai's old clothes and made new clothes for Happy. But he still needed a pair of shoes! One day Mrs Huang said to Happy, 'Would you like to wear my son's old shoes? They're too small for him.'
The shoes were too big for Happy but he said, 'Thank you, Mrs Huang. These shoes are beautiful.' Now he had some shoes for school.
So every morning Happy walked to school in his new shoes.
He walked along the river bank every day and saw the beautiful temple there.
At school some other boys often laughed at Happy because he
was poor. But Happy was still very happy!
The rich boys always had new clothes and new shoes, and they had good food to eat.
'What did you eat yesterday, Happy?' they shouted. 'Did you
eat cold rice again?'
'Some people have nothing to eat,' said Happy. 'I'm already very lucky.'
One day, when Happy came home from school, he saw a bowl of
plums on the table. They were soft and purple, full of juice and as big as apples.
'Mrs Huang gave us these plums,' said Lan.
'Please may I have one?' asked Happy.
'Yes, but eat our rice first,' answered his mother.
Suddenly someone knocked on the door. Lan opened it. Anold woman was standing there. 'I'm very tired and hungry,' she said.
'Come in and sit down,' said Lan. 'We haven't got much food but would you like some rice?' She brought a bowl of rice and a pair of chopsticks for the old woman.
Happy and Lan started to eat their rice but the old woman did not eat her rice. She started to eat the plums! Soon the bowl was empty.
Happy looked at the bowl and said, 'She has eaten all the plums!'
Lan said to Happy quietly, 'Don't be angry. We must be kind.'
1. Who said these? Write the right names in the blanks.
the rich boys Mrs Huang Lan the old woman Happy
a) 'Please may I have one?'
b) 'I'm very tired and hungry.'
c) 'What did you eat yesterday?'
d) 'Would you like to wear my son's old shoes?'
e) 'Would you like some rice?'
2. Look at the picture. What were Happy and the old woman doing
when Lan was eating her rice? Write the answers in the blanks.
a) When Lan was eating
her rice, the old woman
b) When Lan
The old woman carefully put the plum stones in the bowl and
said, 'Thank you for the plums. They were good! If you keep these plum stones, you will never be poor. I must go now. I will come back when the floods come.'
'When will the floods come?' asked Happy.
'Do you know the big stone lions in front of the temple?' asked the old woman.
'Yes,' said Happy.
'When their eyes become red, the water in the river will rise very quickly. The water will cover the village. When that happens, I'll come back,' said the old woman. Then she walked to the door and left.
Happy said to Lan angrily, 'The lions' eyes will never be red. The remade of stone.'
The old woman was wrong. Lan and Happy became poorer and poorer. First Lan hurt her back. She could not work for two weeks. Mrs Huang did not give her any money. Then some insects ate all the vegetables
in their little garden. Then Lan opened their last bag of rice.
'What are we going to do?' she said sadly.
'We've got the plum stones,' said Happy. 'The old woman said: You will never be poor if you keep these stones. Perhaps we can
He brought the bowl of plum stones and cracked a stone between his teeth. It broke and there was a beautiful pearl inside it.
'I can't eat this!' said Happy.
'It's a pearl!' said Lan. 'Pearls are very expensive. We can sell them for a lot of money.
They cracked all the plums stones and found a beautiful pearl inside every stone.
'If we tell people about these pearls,' said Lan, 'a thief will come and take them.' So Lan sold only one pearl and put the other pearls in a box.
When they went out, they still wore cheap clothes like poor people. But at home they ate good food. When Happy's shoes became too small, Lan bought him new shoes. Lan and Happy were happy!
Happy always wanted to, say thank you to the old woman. 'She said: I'll come back when the lions' eyes become red,' Happy thought.
He looked at the lions every day, but their eyes were always grey.
1. Lan sold a pearl and got some money. Then she bought a lot
of fruit. Look at the picture. What did Happy eat? Complete the sentence.
apples pears plums grapes bananas
2. Now you have ten pearls. What would you like to do?
Tick (a) or (b), or write your answer in (c). a) I would like to sell all the pearls.
b) I would like to keep all the pearls.
One day the King said to his servant, 'Paint the temple!'
In the evening, one of the painters still had some red paint
in his tin. 'What do I do with the red paint?' he said to himself.
'I know! I'll paint the lions' eyes.' He painted the four stone eyes red. Then he cleaned his brushes and went home.
Next morning Happy went to see the lions and saw their red eyes.
He remembered the old woman's words. He did not go to school. He ran home to tell his mother. Soon it started to rain.
Happy told his mother about the lions' red eyes. Lan was very frightened. She put the pearls in a pocket in her trousers. She
and Happy ran to tel'I their friends about the flood, but they did not listen to them. Lan and Happy went to the river. They saw a fishing boat with a strong bamboo roof.
'Will you sell us your boat if I give you a pearl?' Lan asked the fisherman. She gave him a pearl.
The fisherman looked at the pearl and said, 'You can have my boat and my fishing nets, too!' Then he got off the boat.
Lan and Happy put food and water in the boat. Then they climbed into the boat and the boat floated slowly down the Yangtze River.
It rained and rained. Soon the river was very high. The water covered the rice fields, then it covered the houses near the river. Many people and animals died. Sometimes Lan and Happy could only see the tops of the trees above the water.
After many days, the rain stopped. Lan and Happy saw a beautiful hill in front of them. It looked like an island in the water. A small farm was on the hill. There was a little house on the farm. There was a plum tree with a lot of white flowers in front of the house.
'The old woman saved us!' said Happy 'Let's live here, mother!'
1.The King is asking his servant to do four things for him. What does his servant need? Write the right letters in the
a) 'Paint the temple!' c) 'Cook my dinner!'
b) 'Clean the floor!' d) 'Wash my clothes!'
2. Here is the temple in the story. The lions in front of it are not there. What animal(s) would you put there? Draw and colour it/them.
The flood in the story was dangerous. People do not usually like floods but some farmers need floods when their fields are too dry. When there is a flood, the water carries mud and sand from the river bed to the fields near the river. When the water goes away, the mud and sand become good soil.
Many, many years ago people in Egypt found this good soil after
a flood. Then they built homes there near the river. Soon there were a few small farms. Later the people became rich and they built houses, shops and temples. They made many beautiful things. We can still see these beautiful things in museums today.
People in many countries tell stories about a very big flood. The flood covered the world. Here is just one of those stories.
A long, long time ago, there was a man called Noah. He lived with his wife, his three sons and his sons' wives. One day, Noah heard
a voice. It said, 'Noah, soon there will be a big flood. You must build a boat. You must put two of every animal and bird and insect
in the boat. Many, many people will die in the flood but you and
your family will be all right.'
Noah and his family built a boat. They put two of every animal, bird and insect in their boat. They put food in the boat, too. Then
it started to rain.
It rained for forty days and forty nights. The water covered the world. The hills and mountains looked like islands. Noah's boat stopped on the top of a mountain.
At last the rain stopped and the flood went away. There was
a beautiful rainbow in the sky. And the animals and birds and insects left Noah's boat. They ran, jumped, walked and flew away
to live on the mountain.
Noah's animals all got off the boat. Noah could not find ten
of the animals. Look at the picture below. Find the animals and circle them.
Pearls do not usually grow inside plums! Pearls grow inside shellfish, for example, oysters and clams. Shellfish have hard shells. They open and close their shells to catch their food. The shells are usually grey and ugly on the outside, but shiny and beautiful inside.
When something, for example, a little worm or some sand, gets inside a shellfish, the shellfish covers it with layers of mother-of-pearl. After a long time, it becomes a pearl.
A long time ago, people went out to sea in small boats, and dived into the water to look for pearls. They worked very quickly because they could not breathe under water. A good diver could work under water for about three minutes. Then they climbed into the boat again, opened the shells and looked for pearls.
Today pearl divers carry aqualungs (bottles of air) on their backs and they wear masks on their faces so they can work under the water for a long time.
Today many pearls grow in oysters in oyster farms. People buy
young oysters and put them in a place called an oyster bed. The oysters eat and grow there.
When an oyster is big enough, the farm keeper opens it very
gently and carefully. He puts a little bead inside its shell' Later the bead becomes a pearl. These pearls are called cultured pearls.
What are they? Find the words and write them in the right blanks.
dive oysters aqualungs a pearl a mask
a) They help pearl divers to breathe under water.
b) They have a shell and they live under the sea.
c) It grows inside an oyster or a clam.
d) A pearl diver wears this on his face.
e) You do this when you go into the water with your head first.
Pearls are beautiful and they are always expensive. In the past only rich people could buy pearls. Now pearls are much cheaper because people grow them on oyster farms. Many people make rings, ear-rings, bracelets and necklaces with pearls.Some people put pearls on their clothes and shoes, too.
Many kings and queens have pearls in their crowns. Look at this picture of Queen Elizabeth the First of England. There are pearls in. her crown, on her ears, on her clothes and in her hair.
Most pearls are small, hard and round. Most of them are white
but some are yellow, green, blue, grey, black or light purple. The most expensive pearl in the world is not round. It looks like an egg. It is not very big. It weighs 15.13 grams. It used to be in
a king's crown Someone bought it for US$864,280 in 1988.
There are a few giant pearls. The biggest pearl in the world
is called the Pearl of Laozi. It is 24 centimetres long and weighs
6.37 kilograms! A poor fisherman found it in Palawan in the
Philippines on 7 Ma 1934. It inside a giant clam.
1 Read the sentences. Write the right words in the crossword. a) You wear them on your ears.
b) You wear them on your neck.
c) You wear them on your fingers, d) You wear them on your wrist.
e) You wear it on your head.
2. Put a tick in the right picture.
A plum is a fruit and its seed is in the stone. Nobody has ever found a pearl inside a plum stone!
Many people like eating plums. Some people like fresh plums. Some people like dried plums. Some people make plum jam, plum jelly and plum pie. In some countries, people eat plums with meat, too.
Do you know how to make plum jelly? To make plum jelly you will need:
100 grams of plums a packet of orange jelly powder
225 millilitres of water
If you do not like orange jelly, you can use other jelly powder. Also, you can eat the jelly with ice-cream.
Page 55 a) Where is the Yangtze River?
b) What was the fisherman's name?
Page 56 a) Why did Lan sell Hai's fishing boat?
b) What must Lan do?
c) What did Lan like doing?
Page 57 a)Whose house did Lan go to every day?
b) What did she do there?
c) Was she happy? Page59 True or false?
a) Mrs Huang gave Happy a pair of new shoes.
b) Happy's new shoes were too small for him.
c) Lan cut up Hai's old clothes to make new clothes for
Page 60 a) Why did the boys at school laugh at Happy?
b) What did Happy see on the table one day?
Page 61 a) The old woman was sick / hungry and tired / cold.
b) Happy ate his rice with chopsticks / a spoon his
c) The old woman ate the rice / plums.
Page 63 a) Where did the old woman put the plum stones?
b) What did the old woman tell Lan and Happy to do?
c) Where were the big stone lions?
Happy crack the plum stone with?
he find inside the plum stone?
c) Was the old woman right?
Lan do with the pearls?
b) Did the eyes of the stone lions become red? Page 67 a) Who wanted to paint the temple?
b) Why did the painter paint the lions' eyes?
c) What did Happy do when he saw the lions' red eyes? Page 68 a) Where did Lan put the pearls?
b) Did Lan and Happy's friends listen to them?
c) How many pearls did Lan give the fisherman? Page 69 True or false?
a) Not many people died.
b) Lan and Happy saw a beautiful green hill. c) There was a plum tree.
Page 71 a) Do people usually like floods?
b) What does water carry to the fields when there is
Page 72 a) How did Noah know about the flood?
b) What must Noah build?
c) What did Noah put in his boat? Page 73 a) Where did the boat stop?
b) What was there in the sky when the rain stopped? Page 75 a) Pearls grow inside plums / shellfish.
b) Oysters and clams have soft / hard shells.
c) The shells are usually beautiful on the
inside / outside and ugly on the inside outside. Page 76 a) Pearl divers carry on their backs
and wear on their faces.
b) Pearl divers into the water to look for pearls. Page 77 a) Now where do people grow pearls?
b) What do people put inside oysters to make pearls?
c) What are these pearls called? Page 79 a) Are pearls cheap or expensive?
b) What do people make with pearls?
c) Who is the woman in the picture?
Page 80 a) How much does the biggest pearl in the world weigh?
b) Where did the fisherman find it?
c) Is it the most expensive pearl in the world, .too? Pages 82-83a) Where is the seed of a plum?
b) Do people eat plums with meat?
c) What do you need to make plum jelly?
week lady rich grow wash
sick happy clothes
a) Happy d) Mrs Huang
b) the old woman e)Lan
c) the rich boys
a) When Lan was eating her rice, the old woman was eating
b) When Lan was eating her rice ,Happy was looking at the
Page 66 练习
He ate one apple ,one pear, three plums ,a banana and some
2．现在你有 10 颗珍珠。你想做什么呢？在（a）或（b）上打勾， 或在（c）上写出你的答案。
Page 70 练习
c) a pearl
Page 55 a) It is in China. b) His name is Hai.
Page 56 a) Because she had no money.
b) She must work to get some money. c) She liked cleaning and washing.
Page 57 a) Mrs Huang.
b) She cleaned Mrs Huang's house and washed the
family's clothes. c) Yes.
Page 59 a) False.
b) False. c) True.
Page 61 a) The old woman was hungry and tired.
b) Happy ate his rice with chopsticks. c) The old woman ate plums.
Page 63 a) In the bowl.
b) To keep the plum stones. c) In front of the temple.
Page 64 a) His teeth.
b) A beautiful pearl. c) Yes, she was.
Page 65 a) She sold one pearl and put the other pearls in a box.
b) No, they did not. Page 67 a) The King.
b) Because he still had some red paint in his tin. c) He ran home to tell his mother.