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历届高考试题——英语




一、用适当的词填空:

1950 年试题

1.I was born the north and sent to school six.
2.The girl,who is busy work in the library,was born
a farmer's family.
3.Many of my schoolmates are fond playing basketball as
well football.
4.I am not well acquainted your brother, spite of
the fact that you are a good friend of mine.
5.I am interested the study of mathematics,yet I am
a loss to solve this problem.
6.Though he is not sure success,he has made
his mind to take the examination.
7.The Chinese working class varied its method and form of struggle accordance changing situations.
8.A man must not wait for wonders to happen, the
contrary,he must work hard order to achieve them.
二、将下列各组简单句组成复合句:
例如:The gentleman lives here.
He is her brother.
合并为:The gentleman who lives here is her brother.
1.I was reading. She was writing.
2.In Mr. Wang's house I met several college students.
All of them were engaged in revolutionary work.
3.The English language is difficult.
It is less difficult than the Russian language. Its grammar is much simpler.
4.Science is useful.It can benefit mankind.It is also dangerous.
Used by evil-doers it can bring harm to people.
三、英译汉:
1.In order to build a new China we need a great many technicians and scientists.
2.The Chinese people have had a hard time in fighting their way
to freedom and independence.
3.Progressive people throughout the world consider the liberation of China as an immense contribution to world peace and democracy.
4.Whoever does not march with the people in the struggle for peace
is indirectly rendering help to the warmongers.
四、汉译英:
1.我的父亲是一个思想进步的人。
2.那个孩子因为打碎了窗户玻璃受到责备。
3.一个学生读书不是为了他自己而是为人民服务。
4.工人、农民和知识分子必须联合起来建设我们的国家。

五、用英文作文:
1.报考英语专业者作下题,约写 200 字: Why I Wish to Enter College
2.报考其它专业者作下题,约写 100 字: My Best Friend




一、用适当的词填空

1950 年答案

1.in, at 2.at(或 with, over, about), in(或 of, from)
3.of, as 4.with, in
5.in, at 6.of, up
7.in, with 8.on, in
二、将简单句组成复合句
1.I was reading while she was writing.或 While I was reading,she was writing.
2.In Mr. Wang's house I met several college students, all of whom were engaged in revolutionary work.
3.The English language is difficult, but it is less difficult than
the Russian language because its grammar is much simpler.
4.Science is useful because it can benefit mankind,but it is also dangerous because it can bring harm to people if used by evil-doers.
三、英译汉
1.为了建设新中国,我们需要大批技术人员和科学家。
2.中国人民在争取自由和独立的斗争中,经历了一段艰苦的岁月。
3.世界进步人士把中国的解放看做是对世界和平与民主的巨大贡献。
4.在争取和平的斗争中,谁不和人民一道前进,谁就间接帮了战争贩子 的忙。
四、汉译英
1.My father is a progressive-minded man.
2.The boy was blamed/reproached/reproved because he had broken the glass of the window.或
The boy was blamed for breaking the glass of the window.
3.A student should not study for himself,but for the people. 或
A student should study not for himself,but for the people. 或
A student studies in order to serve the people,but not for himself.
4.The workers,peasants and intellectuals must unite to build our country.
五、用英文作文(略)


一、阅读测验:

1951 年试题

细读以下四段文字,然后回答每段后所附的问题。答案须以原文为据, 不可乱猜。回答时可用简短的英文。
1.One of the important discoveries of physical science is the fact that when a bit of metal is warm it is greater than it is cold.Heat
is the cause of expansion in metals.When enough heat is given to a liquid,it is put in motion.It is then said to be boiling.The amount
of heat which is necessary for this effect may be measured on a scale and the degree at which it takes place is said to be the boiling-point
of the liquid.
a.What happens to a piece of metal when it gets warm?
b.What causes the expansion in metals?
c.What happens to a liquid if we give it enough heat?
d.How can we determine the boiling point of a liquid?
2.In the forests of India there are not so many trees and bushes are not so thick as they are in the hot wet parts of Africa.This kind
of forest is called the jungle.The jungle is the home of the tiger.It
is difficult for other animals to see the tiger as it makes its way through the long grass because of the stripes of black and orange
on its body.With shining green eyes the tiger runs through the jungle
looking for food.
The tiger,like the lion,kills and eats the weaker animals that live in or near the jungle.So it must be able to move without making
a noise.It must also be able to jump very far in order to catch the
animal it wants to kill .This is why the tiger has a body that can jump so far,legs that are so terribly strong,and paws that can walk
so quietly.
a.What is the forest in India usually called?
b.Why is it difficult for other animals to see the tiger as it makes its way through the long grass?
c.What kind of food do tigers eat, meat or vegetables?
d.What is the colour of the tiger's eyes?
3.The question is often asked:"Just what do we communists mean when we say— socialism?" It's not complicated. We mean an advanced stage of social development which will abolish private ownership of
the means of production.The means of production are today the property of a small group of capitalists.They use their property to exploit the labour of millions for their own personal profit. By socialism we mean collective ownership by the whole people of all the socially necessary means of production(land, natural resources,industries, railroads, banks,communications,etc.). We mean the operation of these means of production through a planned economy which will guarantee an ample supply and distribution of all

commodities and services to all the people. Socialism does not exclude private ownership of personal property; in fact,most of us would have far more under socialism than we have now.Socialism denies the right to use any savings or possessions to exploit the labour
of others.Under socialism, work is the right and duty of all able-bodies in accordance with the concept , "He who does not work-neither shall he eat."
a.Name three of the socially necessary means of production mentioned in this paragraph.
b.Under socialism would we have more or less property than we have now?
c.Under socialism what is the right and duty of all people?
d.What is abolished in the socialist state?
4.Recent news from the Korean front tells of how men who once fought in Syngman Rhee's South Korean forces are now playing a heroic part in the rank of the people's forces.
The Chinese Volunteers have picked up thousands of wounded and half-frozen,half-starved puppet korean soldiers who had been left
to their fate by the Americans.Medical aid and food has been provided
to the former puppet troops, who, once beginning to realize the cruel policy of the U. S. imperialists,give vent to their pent-up hatred and become eager to turn their guns against the U. S. aggressors.
Some of these Korean soldiers have displayed extraordinary
heroism after joining the people's forces.They are successfully persuading thousands of South Korean forces to surrender.This is one instance of how they go about doing this.During a patrol mission, one of these liberated soldiers, Sun Hyng Sun, sighted a group of puppet Korean troops on a hill. He shouted to them through a microphone, "I used to be a puppet soldier just like you. I've joined the People's Army and now I am well treated. What is the sense of fighting against your own people for the American aggressors and
traitor Rhee? Come over, brothers!"
Forty-three puppet soldiers emerged from their hide-outs and walked down the hill with their hands up. They belonged to the 27th Battalion of Rhee's 5th Division.
a.Who is Syngman Rhee?
b.What do the Chinese Volunteers do when they find wounded South
Korean soldiers?
c.What was Sun Hyng Sun formerly?
d.Why did the forty-three South Korean soldiers come out from their hide-outs with their hands raised?
二、汉译英:
将下列各句译成正确而合乎语法规律的英文。必须忠实地保持原意, 不可更动,其句法构造则不必过分拘泥,主要须使英文流畅自然。

1.毛主席是我们伟大的领袖。
2.我父亲每天工作八小时。
3.北京已经解放两年多了。
4.如果明天下雨,我就不出去了。
5.他来的时候,我正在读书。
6.他为什么不喜欢到剧院去?
7.俄文是他唯一能懂的语言。
8.一切爱好和平的人都是我们的朋友。
9.现在我们村子里每个人都有温暖的衣服穿。
10.他不愿意他的儿子娶那个女人。
11.身体不健康,什么事也不能作。
12.我们的人民政府已经开办一些工农学校。
13.他们对记者们说:“我们是中国人民志愿军。”
14.我问她知道不知道那所建筑的名字。




一、阅读测验

1951 年答案

1.a.When a piece of metal is warm,it is greater than it is cold. b.Heat causes the expansion in metals.
c.A liquid is put in motion if we give it enough heat.
d.The amount of heat which is necessary for boiling may be measured on a scale and the degree at which boiling takes place is said to be the boiling-point of the liquid.
2.a.The forest in India is usually called the jungle.
b.It is difficult for other animals to see the tiger as it makes its way through the long grass because of the stripes
of black and orange on its body.
c.Tigers eat meat.
d.The colour of the tiger's eyes is green.
3.a.The socially necessary means of production mentioned in this paragraph are land,natural resources, industries,etc.
b.Under socialism,we would have more personal property than
we have now.
c.Under socialism,work is the right and duty of all able- bodies.
d.In the socialist state private ownership of the means of production is abolished.
4.a.Syngman Rhee is the president of the puppet government of the South Korea.
b.The Chinese Volunteers pick up wounded South Korean soldiers when they find them.
或 When the Chinese Volunteers find wounded South Korean soldiers,they pick them up.
c.Sun Hyng Sun was formerly a South Korean soldier.

d.Because Sun Hyng Sun shouted to them through a microphone,
"I used to be a puppet soldier just like you. I've joined the People's Army and now I am well treated. What is the sense of fighting against your own people for the American aggressors and traitor Rhee? Come over, brothers!"
二、汉译英
1.Chairman Mao is our great leader.
2.My father works eight hours a day.
3.Peking has been liberated for more than two years.或
It is more than two years since Peking was liberated.或
More than two years have passed since the liberation of Peking.
4.If it rains tomorrow,I will not go out.
5.I was reading when he came.
6.Why didn't he like to go to the theatre?
7.Russian is the only language (that) he knows.
8.All the peace-loving people are our friends.
9.Everyone in our village has warm clothes on now.
10.He doesn't wish(that) his son would marry that woman.
11.One can do nothing if he is unhealthy.
12.Some Worker-Peasant Schools have been run by the people's government.或
The people's government has run some Worker-Peasant Schools.
13.They said to reporters,"We are Chinese Volunteers."
14.I asked her if/whether she knew the name of that building.


一、阅读测验 40%

1952 年试题

细读以下四段文字。每段后有四个句子,每个句子有四种补足语意的 方法。请选出正确的补足每句语意的单字或短句,将前面的字母(a,b,c
或 d)写在页右的括弧里。
1."Science"is a word formed from the Latin verb Scire,which means"to know". Science means knowing. What is the difference between knowing and thinking or believing?The question can be best answered
by an illustration.
Suppose a child seems ill. You may feel his head. If it feels hot to you ,you may say he has a fever. What you should say is that you believe he has a fever, because it is possible that your hands are cold.This will make his head feel hot to you even though it is not any hotter than normal. On the other hand ,if you place a good thermometer under his tongue for three minutes (after shaking the thermometer down, of course), and that thermometer reads 102°F.,
it means the child is running a high temperature. Then you can say
he has a fever and know that you are stating a fact.In this case you
know he has a fever.
In science, we cannot use beliefs or opinions, for we must have proved facts.The facts may be collected either by making careful observations or by setting up experiments.But facts must be collected before a science can be developed.Out of the facts thus collected, knowledge is organized and science is born.
A)Science means (a)knowing, (b)thinking, (c)believing,
(d)answering. ( )
B)When a child has a fever, (a)his hands are always cold, (b)he shakes the thermometer down, (c)he states a fact, ( d)his head feels hot. ( )
C)We know the child has a fever if (a)he seems ill, (b)his hands
are cold, (c)the thermometer shows he is running a high temperature, (d)his head is not hotter than normal.
( )
D)In science we must not (a) have proved facts,(b)use beliefs
or opinions, (c)make careful observations, (d)set up experiments. ( )
2.On January 12, 1947, Liu Hu-lan, a fifteen-year-old girl, was publicly executed by Kuomintang troops in Wenchow, a small village
in Shansi province.She had refused to betray the patriots with whom she had worked to free her people from feudal and foreign domination.
On the eve of May 1, 1951,four years after her death,her mother,
Hu Wen-hsiu, wrote a public letter urging all mothers and daughters
to sign the appeal for a Five-Power Peace Pact and to vote against the rearmament of Japan. Thousands of replies poured in as a result

of this appeal. Among them was a letter from a group of Chinese people's volunteers in Korea, which said, "Dear Mother:We were greatly moved when we read your let-ter. We hate the enemy;we pledge
to fight with the same iron will as Liu Hu-lan.We will not stop until
we have avenged her death and the deaths of millions of other innocent people and driven the enemy from our borders".
A)Liu Hu-lan was born in (a) 1912,(b)1932,(c)1947,(d)1951
                         ( ) B)Liu Hu-lan died in (a)South China,(b)Japan,(c)Korea, (d)Wenchow. ( ) C)Liu Hu-lan was killed by the Kuomintang bandits because she(a)urged people to vote against the rearmament of
Japan,(b)refused to free her people from feudal and foreign domination,(c)refused to betray her comrades, (d)signed the Five-Power Peace Pact. ( )
D)A group of Chinese people's volunteers wrote a letter to (a)Liu
Hu-lan,(b)Hu Wen-hsiu,(c)their parents,(d)an unknown person. ( ) 3.The Chinese People's Republic was founded only two years ago
in 1949.Guided by the Communist Party and its leader,Mao Tse-tung,the great Chinese people have in these two years radically transformed the political and social system of their country.
The solution of the land problem is one of the major developments
in these two years.Feudal relationships, the primary source of the miseries of the Chinese people in the past,are being rapidly abolished.In 1952, agrarian reform will be completed practically throughout China.
Chinese industry is also being developed.Industrial plants are
being reconstructed and expanded. In one year 66,000 new industrial and commercial enterprises were started in Shanghai, Tientsin, Peking, Wuhan, Chungking, Sian, Tsingtao, Tsinan, Kaifeng, Changsha and other cities. The difficulties of rehabilitation have been successfully coped with in the Northeast,the country's principal industrial area.
A)This article was written in(a)1947,(b)1949,(c)1951,(d)1952.
( )
B)The miseries of the Chinese people in the past were chiefly caused by (a)feudal relationships,(b)agrarian reform,(c)industrial plants,(d)commercial enterprises.
( )
C)At the time the article was written,agrarian reform was (a)already completed,(b)abandonned,(c)abolished,(d)not yet completed. ( ) D)China's principal industrial area is (a)Peking,(b)the

Northeast,(c)Shanghai,(d)Tientsin. ( )
4.Peking,Feb.9,(Hsinhua)— Sixty-five prominent Americans, including leading scientists,writers,Negro leaders,trade-unionists and Protestant bishops,have joined to form an "American Peace Crusade",states the New York"Daily Worker".The sixty-five peace leaders have issued a call for a peace pilgrimage to Washingson on March 1 to make known to American senators,congressmen and the president the "will to peace among all Americans,regardless of creed,colour,occupation or political opinion."
Calling for withdrawal of American troops from Korea and an end
to war in the Far East, the sponsors declared,"We insist that the crisis in Asia can be solved by abandoning the attempt to ignore the Chinese People's Republic,and by recognizing its right as the only government in being in China to sit in the United Nations.But even before these steps are taken,we must abandon the futile conflict in Korea with needless destruction of the country and its people and sacrifice of American soldiers,"
Among the initial sponsors of the "American Peace Crusade"and
peace pilgrimage are:Thomas Mann,Nobel literature prize winner for
1929;Dr.Linus Pauling ,former president of the American Chemical Society;Dr.W.S.B.Dubois,noted Negro sociologist and historian;Justice James H.Wolfe of the Supreme Court of Utah;and Paul Robeson.
A)The American Peace Crusade was formed by sixty-five
(a)senators, (b)writers,(c)workers, (d)peace leaders.
( )
B)The sponsors of the Crusade (a) ignored the Chinese People's Republic, (b)called for withdrawal of American troops from Korea, (c)carried on futile conflict in Korea, (d)sacrificed American soldiers. ( )
C)The American Peace Crusade organized a pilgrimage to
(a)Washington, (b)Korea, (c)New York, (d)the United
 Nations. ( ) D)Thomas Mann is a(a) soldier, (b)doctor, (c)writer,(d)Negro.
( )
二、翻译 60%
将下列中文句子译成合乎正确语法的英文。原文意义必须忠实保持, 不可更动。句式和单字次序则不必拘于中文原句,主要须使英文合乎语法 规律,流畅自然。
1.我们必须争取和平。 。
2.你为什么不回家? ?
3.我们的祖国是多么的伟大啊! !
4.全世界反对美帝国主义的人民都是我们的朋友。


5.上星期我碰见一个参加过长征的战士。 。
6.工人们的生活水平正在不断提高。 。
7.封建制度已经被消灭了。 。
8.我问他他的哥哥是不是一个劳动模范。 。
9.假如当初我没有去开会,我就不会碰见他了。 。
10.他笑着问我说:“同志,你是从北京来的么?”
?




一、阅读测验

1952 年答案

1.A(a) B(d) C(c) D(b) 2.A(b) B(d) C(c) D(b) 3.A(c) B(a) C(d) D(b) 4.A(d) B(b) C(a) D(c) 二、翻译
1.We must strive for peace.
2.Why don't you go home?
3.How great our motherland is!
4.People all over the world against U.S. imperialism are our friends.
5.Last week I met a soldier who had taken part in the Long March.
6.The living standard of the workers is continually rising.
7.The feudal system has been abolished.
8.I asked if his elder brother was a model worker.
9.If I had not attended the meeting then, I wouldn't have met him.
10.He asked me with a smile,"Comrade, are you from Peking?"


一、阅读测验和英译中 60%
1.阅读测验

1953 年试题

细读下面每段文字,然后回答下面的问题(答案必须用英文,必须简 明扼要,不必用完整的句子):
A)China has 7 million Young Pioneers.Established in October,
1949,this organization is for children from 9— 15 years of age.Its purpose is to develop the children to become good citizens, to teach them to love the people and labour, to be patriotic, to take an active interest in science and protect public property. It provides its members with many opportunities to learn of the life of the country. They visit factories, state farms and great construction sites. They meet outstanding people in many fields— model workers, combat heroes, actors, writers, artists and musicians.
(a)What are the limits in age for the Young Pioneers of China? (b)What are the things the Chinese Young Pioneers are taught to
love ?
(c)When was the organization of the Young Pioneers of China established?
(d)Name two kinds of people the Chinese Young Pioneers visit.
B)Nikita's father had dreamed of making an engineer of him,but did not insist,and allowed him to take up biology. Before leaving, Nikita had persuaded his father to invite one of his nieces, a high-spirited but practical girl, to come and keep house for him. But he was half afraid that the obstinate old man might by this time have sent the girl away, and might be alone in the cold, empty hut,
longing to see his son.
He would have to graduate as quickly as possible and go back to his father.But ever since Nikita had decided to marry Alla, if she would have him, a feeling of uncertainty had entered his mind.Where would they live?Would Alla look after his father properly?And how would it all turn out?
(a)What subject did Nikita's father want him to study?
(b)With whom did Nikita's father live when Nikita was away? (c)What kind of character had Nikita's father?
(d)What was Nikita uncertain about after he had decided to marry
Alla?
2.英译中 将下面一段英文译成中文:
The Communist Party of China is the political party of the Chinese working class; it is created on the basis of the revolutionary theories of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin.
The Communist Party of China, guiding the Chinese people in a long and stubborn struggle, led the revolution to victory. Today,

the Communist Party is guiding the Chinese people in the construction
of their country. The Communist Party of China and its leader Chairman
Mao Tse-tung enjoy the highest prestige among the Chinese people.
In all its activities, the Communist Party of China is guided
by the teachings of Chairman Mao Tse-tung which combine Marxist- Leninist theory with the practice of the Chinese revolution. It is Chairman Mao Tse-tung who has shown the correct way of building up our Party in conformity with the concrete conditions of Chinese society.
二、中译英 40%
将下列中文句子译成合乎正确语法的英文。原文意义必须忠实保持, 不可更动。句式和单字次序则不必拘于中文原句,主要须使英文合乎语法 规律,流畅自然。
1.他对历史有兴趣。
2.星期一有一个志愿军到我们学校来了。
3.保卫世界和平是我们的责任。
4.资本主义国家的工人们也是我们的朋友。
5.他回来时我们将开一个会。
6.我的朋友已经在人民大学上了两年了。
7.他因为不努力学习受了批评。
8.孩子们看见火车经过快乐地高呼。
9.毛主席告诉我们艺术必须为劳动群众服务。
10.没有马列主义的知识,不可能了解这篇文章。




一、阅读测验和英译中
1.阅读测验

1953 年答案

A)(a)9— 15 years of age. (b)The people and labour. (c)In October,1949.
(d)Model workers,combat heroes,etc.
B)(a)Engineering.
(b)With one of his nieces.
(c)He had an obstinate yet loving character.
(d)He was uncertain as to whether Alla would look after his father properly, where they would live?.
2.英译中 中国共产党是中国工人阶级的政党,它是根据马克思、恩格斯、
列宁、斯大林的革命理论缔造的。 中国共产党,在长久而坚持的斗争中指导着中国人民,把革命领
导到胜利。今天,共产党正在指导着中国人民建设他们的国家。中国 共产党及其领袖毛泽东主席在中国人民中间享有最高的威信。
在它的全部活动中,中国共产党是由毛泽东主席的思想所指导 的,这思想把马克思—— 列宁主义的理论和中国革命的实践相结合。

是毛泽东主席指示出来按照着中国社会的具体情况来建党的正确办 法。
二、中译英
1.He is interested in history.
2.A Volunteer came to our school on Monday.
3.It is our duty to defend world peace.
4.The workers of capitalist countries are also our friends.
5.When he comes back,we shall hold a meeting.
6.My friend has been studying for two years at the People's
University.
7.He is criticized because he does not study hard
8.Children shouted happily when they saw the train pass.
9.Chairman Mao tells us that art must serve the labouring masses.
10.It is impossible to understand this essay without a knowledge of Marxism-Leninism.


一、阅读测验和英译中 60%
1.阅读测验 24%

1954 年试题

细读下面每段文字,然后回答下面的问题(答案必须用英文,必须简 明扼要,不必用完整的句子):
a)And so the summer holidays were over, and one fine morning, September the first,I got up earlier than usual, put my school-books
in my satchel and set out for school. That morning there was a feeling
of excitement in the air. The streets were full of boys and girls,big and small, hurrying to school. Some walked by themselves,some in pairs and some in bunches. Some of them walked slowly,as I did; others hurried along as if there was a fire somewhere. The little ones carried flowers for the classrooms. Everyone seemed very excited.
I was excited too.I was looking forward to seeing my Pioneer group, and all the boys from my class, and our Pioneer leader Volodya who worked with us last year. I felt like a traveller coming back to his home and friends after a long,long voyage.
a)Who was Volodya?
b)What do you think happens on September the first?
c)Name two ways in which the children walked.
d)Was there a feeling of excitement everywhere in the streets? B)The basic principles of Marxism are undoubtedly adaptable to
all countries. But it is a difficult job to apply their general truth
to concrete revolutionary practices in China. Chairman Mao analyzes Chinese problems and guides the Chinese people in their struggle to victory. He uses Marxist-Leninist principles to explain Chinese history and the practical problems of China. He is the first who has succeeded in doing so. Not only has he applied Marxist methods to solve the problems of 500,000,000 people, but he has thereby popularized Marxism among the Chinese people as a weapon for them
to use.On every kind of problem— the nation, the peasants, strategy,
the construction of the party, literature and culture, military affairs,finance and economy, methods of work, philosophy— Chairman
Mao has not only applied Marxism to new conditions but has given it
a new development. He has created a Chinese or Asiatic form of
Marxism.
a)What new development has Chairman Mao given to Marxism?
b)Why are the principles of Marxism the general truth?
c)Name three kinds of problems which Chairman Mao has solved with
Marxist methods.
d)Did any one succeed in solving the practical problems of China with Marxist-Leninist principles before Chairman Mao?
2.英译中 36%
If I asked you whether dust is of any use ,what answer would you

give? You would probably say that it is of no use at all. You would say that dust in the home only makes it very unhealthy, and that much time has to be spent every day in cleaning the rooms. It is true that many germs live in dust, germs carrying disease. But dust is far from useless; it has a use which we value highly.For without dust in the air, we should not have the gentle rain, the soft daylight, the beauty
of the blue sky and the glorious colours of sunset.
二、中译英 40%
将下列中文句子译成合乎正确语法的英文,原文意义必须忠实保持,不 可更动.句式和单字次序则不必拘于中文原句,主要须使英文合乎语法规则, 流畅自然.
1.你们学习英文有多久了?
2.他以前从没有见过毛主席。
3.我们对他的成功表示惊异。
4.对我们每个人说,学习马列主义都是必要的。
5.世界上今天有两大阵营。
6.我不知道他懂不懂俄文。
7.他参加人民解放军的时候才十一岁。
8.全体朝鲜人民都相信美国侵略者是可以打败的。
9.我昨天看的电影讲的是列宁的革命活动。
10.有苏联专家的帮助,我们在两个月之内就可以完成这份工作。




一、1.阅读测验

1954 年答案

A)a)The Pioneer leader of the unit to which the narrator belonged.
b)Schools begin on Sept.1st.
c)In a hurry, or slowly, in pairs,in groups,alone.(以上五种, 答出任何两种,即作正确答案论)
d)Yes.
B)a)Chairman Mao has created a Chinese or Asiatic form of
Marxism.
b)They are adaptable to all countries.
c)The nation, the peasants, strategy, etc.
d)No,Chairman Mao is the first who has succeeded in doing so.
2.英译中 假如我问你灰尘是否有用,你会怎么回答呢?你或许会说,灰尘
根本无用。你会说,屋里有了灰尘,只能使它极不卫生,得花很多时 间去打扫房间。是的,灰尘里确有许多细菌,细菌会传染疾病。但是, 灰尘决不是毫无用处的;而且,我们对它的一个用处还给予高度的评 价。因为如果空气中没有灰尘,就不会有柔和的细雨,和煦的阳光, 美丽的蓝天和落日的霞辉。
二、中译英
1.How long have you studied English?

2.He has never seen Chairman Mao before.
3.We are surprised at his success.
4.It is necessary for all of us to study Marxism-Leninism.
5.There are two great camps in the world today.
6.I do not know whether he understands Russian.
7.He was only eleven when he joined the People's Liberation Army.
8.All the Korean people believe the American aggressors can be defeated.
9.The film I saw yesterday was/is about Lenin's revolutionary activities.
10.With the help of the Soviet expert,we can finish this in two months.


一、阅读测验和英译中 60%
1.阅读测验 24%

1956 年试题

细读下面每段文字,然后回答下面的问题(答案必须用英文,必须简明 扼要,不必用完整的句子):
A)Prime Minister Nehru of India was warmly received by the Chinese people on his visit to China from October 19 to 30, in1954. During his stay in this country,Prime Minister Nehru held cordial and friendly talks with government leaders and visited several industrial centres and places of historic interest.
At a press conference held in Peking on October 26,Prime Minister Nehru declared,"?my visit to China ,brief as it has been,will help not only to bring our two countries nearer to one another but will also help the cause of world peace."
The peoples of China and India dearly love peace and the efforts they have made for peace have brought notable results. In June, 1954, Premier Chou En-lai visited India and,together with Prime Minister Nehru, put forward the famous five principles for peaceful co- existence.This has not only further strengthened Sino-Indian friendship but has also set an example in international relationships for the countries of Asia and the whole world.
a)How was Prime Minister Nehru received by the Chinese people?
b)What places did he visit in China?
c)Why did Prime Minister Nehru think his visit to China was an important one?
d)What famous principles did Premier Chou En-lai and Prime
Minister Nehru put forward when Premier Chou En-lai was in
India?
B)John Smith had lost his job. It is easy to lose one's job in
America,but it is difficult to find a new one.As a matter of fact
it was quite impossible for John Smith to find work. He was unemployed and soon found himself in the street. He was unable to pay his rent and the owner of the house he lived in threw him out. And so he had
to be out in the street.
It was autumn. The wind was cold.The sky was covered with thick gray clouds. The man in the street had no work and no home. He stopped and looked at the sky and the clouds, put his hands in his pockets
in order to warm them up and walked on . His clothes were thin and wornout. He was cold and uncomfortable. The weather was unpleasant.
He felt hungry,but he did not know where to go.
It began to rain. Cold autumn rain fell on the street.The man went into a shop to warm himself up, but the shopkeeper ordered him out.He went out and stopped before a shop-window to look at the things
he could not buy.A policeman saw him and told him to move on.

And there are tens of thousands in America like John Smith, cold ,hungry,homeless and without any hope of finding work.
a)Why did John Smith find himself in the street?
b)Why did he keep his hands in his pockets?
c)How did he feel when he was out in the street?
d)Why didn't he buy anything in the shop?
2.英译中 36%
Twelve years ago the peasants of Wukung Village(武功)were fighting on two fronts— against the Japanese invaders and against famine. In response to the call of the Communist Party of China and Chairman Mao Tse-tung for reorganization in agriculture. Wang Hsing(王兴)and three other peasants obtained a small loan from the local anti-Japanese democratic government to organize a rope-making team.Soon they found themselves in a difficult position.If they kept
on making ropes,they could not do farm work at the same time;and if they did not make ropes, they would not earn enough to keep themselves alive. At this moment, Keng Chang-so(耿长锁), a member of the Chinese Communist Party,joined the team. Gradually they overcame many difficulties and succeeded in keeping alive through the famine. 二、中译英 40%
将下列中文句子译成合乎正确语法的英文,原文意义必须忠实保持,
不可更动。句式和单字次序则不必拘于中文原句,主要须使英文合乎语法 规则,流畅自然。
1.我们的志愿军都是勇敢的战士。
2.他在北京住了多少年了?
3.那女孩穿着一件新衣。
4.我以前没听过这故事。
5.我们昨天晚上看了一场好电影。
6.回答这个问题是困难的。
7.我的哥哥英文比我说得好。
8.这本有趣的书是一个工人写的。
9.他正在学习英文,因为他想做一个英语教师。
10.你见到他以后,请写一封信给我。




一、1.阅读测验
A)

1956 年答案

a)He was warmly received by the Chinese people.
b)He visited several Industrial centres and places of historic interest.
c)He thought that his visit would bring China and India together. He also thought that his visit was useful/important to world peace(or:would help world peace).

d)When Premier Chou En-lai was in India, he and Prime Minister
Nehru put forward the five principles for peaceful co-existence.
B)
a)He was unable to pay his rent,and the owner of the house he lived in had thrown him out.
b)He put his hands in his pockets in order to warm them up. c)He felt cold, hungry and uncomfortable when he was out in the street.
d)He couldn't buy anything in the shop because he had no money.
2.英译中 十二年前武功村的农民正在两条战线上战斗—— 抵抗日本侵略者和抵
抗饥荒。为了响应中国共产党和毛泽东主席在农业生产上组织起来的号 召,王兴和其他三个农民从当地抗日民主政府那里得到一小笔贷款,用来 组织一个制造麻绳的生产小组。不久他们发现他们的处境很困难。假若他 们继续做绳子,他们就不能同时在地里做活,假若他们不做绳子,他们的 收入便不足以维持他们的生活。在这个时候,中国共产党的一个党员,耿 长锁,加入了他们的生产小组。他们逐渐克服了许多困难,并且胜利地度 过饥荒,维持了他们的生活。
二、中译英
1.Our Volunteers are all brave fighters.
2.How many years has he lived (stayed) in Peking?
3.That girl is wearing a new dress.
4.I have not heard this story before.
5.I saw a good film last night.
6.It is difficult to answer this question.
7.My brother speaks better English than I (My brother speaks
English better than I).
8.This interesting book is written by a worker.
9.He is studying English,because he wants to be an English teacher.
10.After you have seen him,please write me a letter (please write
to me).

1957 年试题 一、阅读测验和英译汉 60%
1.阅读测验 24% 细读下面两段文字,然后回答文后所附的问题(答案必须用英文,必
须简明扼要,不必用完整的句子):
A)Once a poor man had a parrot.The parrot could speak.It could say :"There is no doubt about it." The parrot could only say these words and all day long it repeated:"There is no doubt about it." To every question it gave one and the same answer:"There is no doubt about it."
One day, when the poor man had no money for bread, he decided
to sell the parrot. He took the cage and went to the market.
"Who wants to buy my parrot?Twenty pounds for my clever parrot,"
cried he.
A man came up and said:
"This is a fine bird but the price is too high."
Then he asked the parrot:"Are you worth twenty pounds?"
"There is no doubt about it ," answered the parrot as usual. The man was very pleased with the clever answer; he bought the
bird and took it home.
Some time after he began to see his mistake.And he was sorry.He stood near the cage and said:
"What a fool I am to have thrown so much money away!"
"There is no doubt about it," answered the parrot. And this time the parrot was right.
1.What could the parrot do?
2.How much did the man pay for the parrot?
3.Why was the man sorry afterwards?
4.Why does the writer say at the end,"And this time the parrot was right"?
B)There are two ways to increase agricultural production.One is
by bringing more land under cultivation . The other is by getting more out of the land already cultivated.China still has not enough land under cultivation . Most of China's unused land is in the North-east and North-west— very large areas inhabited by a comparatively small number of people.But she is still industrially backward, and for the time being cannot afford the machines and money
to reclaim(开垦)it on a large scale. Our main job at present, therefore, is to increase production by raising the output(产量)per acre of existing farm land. If we can work on these lines, we shall
be able,in a period of several five-year plans,to raise our agricultural output to such a level that it will comfortably meet the people's needs and satisfy the demands of national construction.
1.What are the two methods to increase production in

agriculture?
2.In what part of China is found most of her unused land?
3.What is needed for reclaiming unused land on a large scale?
4.What is our main job at present?
2.英译汉 36%
One of the main problems is the correct proportion between the development of heavy and light industry. First of all, we must build
up our heavy industry; that is a fundamental principle. China's economic backwardness, which has continued so long, can be wiped out only when she herself can supply the equipment, materials, and technical skills needed to develop the national economy of 600 million people.But at the same time, we must not neglect the development of light industry, because light industry will help to satisfy the rising needs of the people.Without a sufficient amount
of consumers'goods, it would be difficult to keep prices stable. Peasants would not be willing to raise production or sell their surplus if they could not buy what they need with their increased income. Therefore the development of light industry must also occupy
an important position in our Five-Year Plans.
二、汉译英 40%
将下列句子译成合乎正确语法的英文,原文意义必须忠实保持,不可 更动。句式和单字次序则不必拘于汉文原句,主要须使英文合乎语法规则, 流畅自然。(数字可用阿拉伯字码写出,不必翻译)
1.你班上有多少学生?
2.工厂每天早晨八点钟开门。
3.他没听过那个报告。
4.我们下星期一开始工作。
5.我哥哥是两年前中学毕业的。
6.许多外国朋友们被邀请去看那新影片。
7.他比我身体强壮。
8.要改正我们所有的错误,并不容易。
9.苏联是世界上最大的国家。
10.等他回来了,我们一定要把这故事讲给他听。




一、阅读测验和英译汉
1.阅读测验

1957 年答案

A)1.It could say,"There is no doubt about it."
2.Twenty pounds.
3.Because the parrot was not worth twenty pounds. (Because he saw he had made a mistake.Because the parrot could only say,"There is no doubt about it."etc.)
4.Because the man really was a fool.
B)1.By bringing more land under cultivation and by getting more

out of the land already cultivated.
2.In the North-east and North-west.
3.Machines and money.
4.To increase production by raising the output per acre of existing farm land.
2.英译汉 一个主要问题是重工业和轻工业发展中间的正确比例。首先,我们必
须把重工业建立起来,这是一条基本原则。中国长久以来是经济落后的, 只有当她自己能够提供必要的设备,物资和技术力量来发展六亿人口的国 民经济时,这种落后情况才可消除。但是同时(或:另一方面,)我们也 不应该忽视轻工业的发展,因为轻工业有助于满足人民日益增长的需要。 没有足够的消费品,想要使物价保持平稳是很困难的。如果农民们收入增 加了,但是买不到所需要的东西,那么他们就会不愿意增加生产或者出卖 剩余的农产品。因此,轻工业的发展也必须在我们的五年计划当中占据重 要地位。
二、汉译英
1.How many students are there in your class?
2.The factory opens at 8 o'clock in the morning.
3.He has not heard that report.
4.We shall begin to work next Monday.(或 begin working;或用
start)
5.My brother graduated from middle school two years ago.
6.Many foreign friends are(were,have been)invited to see the new film.
7.He is stronger than I(I am).
8.It is not easy to correct all our mistakes.(To correct all our mistakes is not easy.)
9.The Soviet Union is the biggest country in the world.
10.We must tell him this story when he comes back.

1958 年试题 一、细读下面的短文,然后回答所附的问题:
Two boys have become famous. One of them is fourteen years old,and the other only twelve. The fourteen-year-old boy has invented three farm tools,although he has no more than a primary school education. The twelve-year-old one is a son of a peasant family. He has invented a new type of waterwheel.
The story of the two boys has attracted attention far and wide.Millions of men,women and children in the countryside are trying
to invent farm tools.
The Communist Party is guiding the mass movement. It tells the people that science is no mystery.
1.How old are the two boys?
2.Has the older boy had a middle school education?
3.What are millions of people doing in the countryside?
4.What does the Communist Party tell the people?
二、英译汉:
1.Our parents teach us to love labour .
2.The October Revolution brought Marxism-Leninism to China.
3.Modern Chinese literature is a part of the progressive literature of the world.
4.A lot has been done by the government to improve the people's
Life since liberation.
5.My mother asked why the soldiers of the People's Liberation
Army are so polite and kind to people.
6.As soon as I got off the bus, I started for the village on foot.
7.On the second morning of the harvest I went to the fields, where
I found everyone already at work.
8.The city is changing. New houses are going up and the streets are becoming more and more beautiful.
三、汉译英:
1.全世界人民都爱好和平。
2.你现在正在干什么?
3.一年里有多少个月?
4.第五课比第三课难。
5.去年他参加了共青团。
6.我去看他时,他正在写信。
7.他父亲是工人,他母亲是教员。
8.李同志昨天不能来,因为他必须准备功课。




一、回答问题

1958 年答案

1.One of them is fourteen years old, and the other only twelve.
2.No , he hasn't.

3.They are trying to invent farm tools.
4.It tells the people that science is no mystery.
二、英泽汉
1.我们的父母教育我们热爱劳动。
2.十月革命给中国带来了马克思列宁主义。
3.中国现代文学是世界进步文学的一部分。
4.解放以来,政府为了改善人民生活,已做了大量的工作。
5.我母亲问,为什么解放军战士对人这样彬彬有礼,和蔼可亲。
6.我一下汽车,就徒步向那个村庄走去。
7.收获的第二天早晨我到田里时,发现人人都已经在那儿干活了。
8.那座城市正在变化。一座座新房正在矗立起来,街道也变得越来越 美丽。
三、汉译英
1.The people all over the world love peace.
2.What are you doing now?
3.How many months are there in a year?
4.Lesson 5 is more difficult than Lesson 3.
5.He joined the Communist Youth League last year.
6.He was writing a letter when I went to see him.
7.His father is a worker, and his mother (is) a teacher.
8. Comrade Li couldn't come yesterday because he had to prepare his lessons.


一、阅读测验(24%)

1959 年试题

细读下面的故事,然后用汉语简明扼要地回答文后所附的问题。
Once on his way to town, a peasant(农民)tied (拴;系) his horse to a tree and sat down to rest.
Soon a landlord came on his horse.He also wanted to rast.So he began to tie his horse to the same tree.
"Don't tie your horse to that tree!"shouted the peasant."My horse is wild;it will kill yours. Tie your horse to some other tree." The landlord answered,"I'll tie my horse where I like to." And
he tied his horse to the same tree.
Suddenly the horses began to fight. Before the two men could stop them,the landlord's horse was killed.
The landlord got very angry.He took the poor peasant to the judge."Oh,good judge,"he said, "this man's horse has killed mine.You must make him pay for my horse."
"Is that true?"the judge asked the peasant.
The peasant was silent.He was asked many more questions,but he did not say a word.
At last the judge said,"It's no use. The man cannot speak."
"Oh yes,he can,"said the landlord."He spoke to me very well out there on the road."
"What did he say ?"asked the judge.
"He told me not to tie my horse to that tree,because his horse could kill mine.He told me to tie my horse to some other tree."
"Ah,"said the judge."Now I see.So you think your horse must be
paid for.Why did't you do as you were told to and save your horse from death?"
Then the judge asked the peasant,"Why didn't you answer my
questions?"
"I wanted to make him tell you the true story,"explained the peasant.
(注意:用汉语回答下列问题。)
1.Why did the peasant tell the landlord not to tie his horse to the same tree?
2.Why didn't the landlord do as the peasant had told him to?
3.Then what did the landlord do with his horse?
4.What happened suddenly? What happened to the landlord's horse?
5.What did the landlord ask the judge to do for him?
6.Did the peasant answer the judge's questions?
7.What did the landlord do to make the judge believe that the peasant could speak?
8.Why hadn't the peasant answered the judge's questions?
二、英泽汉(36%)

In October 1934, the Red Army broke through the enemy forces around Juichin(瑞金)and began the Long March. When it came to Tsunyi(遵义),an important meeting was held there by the Chinese Communist Party, which then made Comrade Mao Tse-tung the leader. After that,the Red Army went on ,fighting its way to the north, until
it came to the Tatu River.The enemy thought the Red Army could not cross(渡过)the river, because it was unusually deep and rough.But the Red Army got the only boat and heroically went over. Another unit (部队)went ahead by the mountainside and reached the Luting Bridge (泸定桥). The enemy set fire ( 放火)to the house on the bridge, trying
to stop the Red Army. But a number of Red Army fighters broke through the fire and took the bridge. The enemy sodiers ran away,and the Red Army under Comrade Mao Tse-tung crossed the Tatu and continued its march.It went over the Snow Mountain and crossed the Grasslands,and finally in October 1935 reached Yenan(延安).The Long March showed the world that the heroic people's army led by the Communists was ever victorious.
三、汉译英(40%)
(1)他每星期六下午到工厂去劳动。 (2)我们爱好和平,但也不怕战争。 (3)我昨天晚上到阅览室去时,许多同学都在那儿复习功课。 (4)今年我们的小麦收成比去年还要好的多。 (5)苏联的七年计划告诉我们中国也会有同样光辉的将来。 (6)拉丁(Latin)美洲的人民正在为自由和民主而斗争。 (7)李明在组里常受到表扬,因为他每周都超额完成任务。 (8)鲁迅住过的那所房子现在是一个博物馆。


                1959 年答案
一、阅读测验(学生须用汉语回答) (1)因为他自己的马性子烈,拴在一起两匹马会打起来,地主那匹马可
能被踢死。
(2)因为他觉得自己是个地主,不能听一个农民的指点。 (3)他不顾农民的劝告,还是把他的马拴在同一棵树上。 (4)忽然,两匹马打起来了。结果地主的马被踢死了。 (5)他要法官命令农民赔偿他的马。 (6)他没有。他要本不开口。
(7)他说农民会说话。他并且把农民在路边对他说的话重复了一遍,以 便向法官证明农民并不是个哑吧。
(8)这说明了农民的知慧。这样一来,地主就会不自觉地把真实情况说 出来了。
二、英译汉
1934 年 10 月,红军突破敌人对瑞金的围攻而开始了长征。到遵义后 中国共产党举行了一次重要的会议,会上选举毛泽东同志作领袖。然后红 军一面打着仗继续北上,来到了大渡河边。敌人以为红军过不了河,因为

水流既深而又汹涌。可是红军得到了唯一的一只摆渡,英勇地渡过了河。 另外一支部队沿着山边前进到达泸定桥。敌人把桥上的房子点上了火,企 图阻止红军前进。红军的一批战士冲过了火,把桥占领了。敌军逃走了, 于是红军在毛泽东同志领导下过了大渡河继续长征。红军越雪山,过草地, 终于在 1935 年 10 月到达延安。长征宣告世界共产党领导的英勇的人民军 队是不可战胜的。
三、汉译英
1.Every Saturday afternoon he goes to work in the factory.
2.We love peace, but we are not afraid of war.
3.When I went to the reading-room last night, a lot of students were reviewing their lessons there.
4.The crop of wheat this year will be still better than last year's.
5.The Seven Year Plan of the Soviet Union tells us that China will have the same bright future.
6.The people in Latin America are struggling for freedom and democracy.
7.Li Ming is often praised in the group, because he overfulfils
his task every week.
8.The house in which (where) Lu Hsun (once) lived is now a museum.


一、阅读及问答(36%)

1960 年试题

细读下面的文章,然后用英语扼要地回答文后所附的问题。
A Visit to a people's Commune
At the call of the Party, the students of a school went to the
Red Flag People's Commune to help to bring in the harvest. It was
a bright autumn day. The chairman of the commune met them with a warm smile. "You have come at the right time ,"he said ."The harvest this year is very good. Of course we have tractors and combines. But we also need more men."
On arriving at the farm,they formed themselves into groups and started to work at once. The groups challenged each other to a friendly competition. By twelve o'clock they had overfulfilled their task.
The chairman was satisfied with their work. He told them about the commune's plan for the future. There would be more machines. Much more grain would be produced. People would live better. The place would look more beautiful. All the students found his words exciting. "May I come to work with you when I finish school?" a boy asked."I
shall learn to be a good tractor-driver."
"I shall learn to take good care of the pigs*,"said a girl. The chairman asked the youngest student what she would do.
"I should like to go on to the university.After I graduate from
it,I shall be a teacher in the people's commune,"she answered."I
shall do my best to teach the children. After school, I shall work in the fields with you."
The chairman said,"Good. We shall be glad to have you all."
* pig 猪
注意:在下列 7 题中选择 6 题,根据上面文章的内容用英语回答,但 第 7 题必答。
Questions
1.Why did the students go to the people's commune?
2.What did the chairman of the commune say when he met them?
3.How did they organize themselves for the work?
4.What did the chairman think about their work?
5.What was the commune's plan for the future?
6.What did the youngest student want to do?
7.What do you want to do in the future?Why?
二、英译汉(28%) 译文要确切、通顺。
Two new achievements have been made this year.One is the carrying out of the technical* revolution. The whole people are taking part
in it. Many,many wonderful inventions and new discoveries* * have been made. The other is the forming of the city people's com-

munes.Women who used to work only in their own houses are now happily working in the new factories. They are building Socialism.
With these achievements come new tasks. Our workers and peasants want to study Marxism-Leninism and Comrade Mao Tse-tung's works. They also want to study science. We must and can satisfy their needs. Led
by the Party,we will certainly fulfil all our tasks and march from victory to victory.
* technical 技术(的)
* * discoveries 是 discover 的名词
三、汉译英(36%)
在下列 A、B 二组内各选 3 句译成英语,共译 6 句,不得 8 句全译。 A.
1.我们正在同时发展工业和农业。
2.天安门广场上的两座新的大建筑是去年在十个月内建成的。
3.反对美帝国主义的游行正在世界各地进行着。
4.在我们伟大的社会主义国家,教师和学生都爱参加体力劳动。 B.
1.世界上所有爱好和平的人民都站在我们这一边。
2.我昨天晚上去看李同志的时候,他已经到工人夜校去了。
3.星期一在会上讲话的那个青年是个团员。
4.党从来就教导我们劳动人民是历史的主人。




一、阅读及问答

1960 年答案

1.They went to the people's commune to help to bring in the harvest.
2.He said,"You have come at the right time. We need more men."
(He said that they had come at the right time and that the commune needed more men.)
3.They formed themselves into groups.
4.The chairman was satisfied with their work.
5.There would be more machines. Much more grain would be produced. People would live better. The place would look more beautiful.
6.She wanted to go on the university. After that,she would come to teach in the commune.
7.(I want to be a tractor-driver in a people's commune,because
I want to help the commune to get a higher yield.)
or (I want to be a machine worker in a factory because the people's communes meed more machines.) etc. ctc.
二、英译汉
今年我们已经取得了两项新的成就。一项是实现了技术革命。全国人 民都参加了这一革命,并做出了许许多多优异的发明和新的发现。另一项 是组织了城市人民公社。一向只在家庭中劳动的妇女现在愉快地在新的工 厂里工作着。她们在建设社会主义。

这些成就带来了新的任务。我们的工农(群众)要求学习马列主义和 毛泽东同志的著作。他们也要求学习科学。我们应当而且能够满足他们的 要求。在党的领导下,我们一定能够完成我们所有的任务,从胜利走向胜 利。
三、汉译英
A.
1.We are developing industry and agriculture at the same time.
2.The two new large buildings in Tien An Men Square were built last yesr in ten months.
3.Parades against U.S. imperialism are going on everywhere in the world.
4. In our great socialist country teachers and students all love to take part in physical labour.
B.
1.All peace-loving people in the world are (stand) on our side. (All people in the world who love peace are on our side.)
2.Comrade Li had gone to a workers'night school when I went to see him yesterday evening.
3.The young man who spoke at the meeting on Monday is a League
member.
4.The party has always taught us that the working people are the masters of history.
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